The Zimmermantelegram was a an enig messagesent by a German official named Arthur Zimmerman come Mexico in January1917. That askedMexicoto: go into the war on thesideofGermany and also assault the UnitedStates. The telegram, presented below, was sent out in asecret code utilizing numbers tostand because that words. The German embassy (office) in Mexico City had acode publication to convert the message ago to the original words.
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In the telegram, Germany promisedMexico the it would aid Mexico conquer and also take the soil ofTexas, Arizona, and brand-new Mexico. Those states werepartof the area that Mexico shed to the U.S. In the mid-1800s. Mexico refuse to be component of Germany"s plan,however.Mexican leaders knew complete well they walk not have actually the army strengthto fight versus the U.S.
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The British government intercepted theZimmerman telegram as soon as it was sent. Afterthey deciphered it,they informedAmerican public representative of its contents. The decoded and also translated post was offered to PresidentWoodrow Wilson. He released the components of the article toAmerican newspapers. The U.S. Was still neutral together 1917 began. Fury overthe telegram, however, led more and more Americans to donate enteringthe war. (In the telegram, shownon the right, "the "President" refers to the president of Mexico.)
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In February that 1917, Germany startedusing the U-boats because that "unrestricted" submarine warfare in the watersaround great Britain. Part American ships and somebelonging to various other neutral countries wereattacked and sunk. Anger end the Zimmerman telegram, and the new attacks byGerman submarines, persuaded President Wilson the itwas time to take it a stand. In April the 1917, president Wilson wenttoCongress to ask because that a declaration of war.Congress gave its approval. America gone into the war on the sideof the allied Powers.
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The famous picture below mirrors President Wilson do his speechto Congress asking for a statements of war.
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The political cartoon listed below waspublished in one Americannewspaper not long after the Zimmerman telegram was made public.The symbolof Germany is top top the gloved hand stop the knife. American atthat time additionally knew the Germany hope to gain Japan to sign up with withGermany together well. through a partner, examine the cartoon. Describe to eachother specifically what is in the drawing, and also how different parts of that arelabeled. Next, discuss what friend think the cartoon is saying aboutthe Zimmerman telegram and around the German government.
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Zimmerman telegram photos courtesy the nationwide Archives.The color photo print, politics cartoon, and newspaper pictures are from the Library ofCongress.The maps room by David Burns.Some images have actually been resized because that this page.