On April 9, 1865, basic Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate troops to the Union’s Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, marking the beginning of the end of the grinding four-year-long American civil War. But it would be an ext than 16 months before President Andrew Johnson would certainly declare a formal finish to the conflict in august 1866.
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Appomattox was without doubt a decisive success for the Union, and Grant’s peace commitment with Lee would carry out a blueprint for other generals around the country. Therefore why walk it take it so long for the battle to officially end after that?
Union general William Tecumseh Sherman, left, meeting general Joseph E. Johnston to discuss terms that surrender the Confederate pressures in north Carolina. (Credit: global bromheads.tv Archive/Getty Images)
Lee's Was just One Confederate military to Fall
For one thing, Lee had surrendered only his army of northern Virginia come Grant. A number of other Confederate forces still remained active, beginning with Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’s military of Tennessee, the second-largest Confederate army after Lee’s.
On April 12 in phibìc Carolina, Johnston and also his males received news of Lee’s surrender. The following day, Gen. William T. Sherman’s Union cavalry captured Raleigh, pushing Johnston’s pressures westward. Under relentless push from Sherman, Johnston reached out to discuss peace terms. After the newly sworn-in chairman Johnson and also his cabinet rejected an initial accord which offered generous politics concessions to the South, Confederate chairman Jefferson Davis notified Johnston to resume fighting. Johnston, learning his back was to the wall, refused. ~ above April 26, Sherman and also Johnston signed a new surrender agreement, follow me the very same lines as Grant and Lee’s Appomattox accord.
In the greatest surrender that the civil War, Johnston offered up approximately 90,000 soldiers in all—virtually all remaining Confederate troops in the Carolinas, Georgia and also Florida. When news of Johnston’s surrender got to Alabama, the next domino fell: Lt. Gen. Richard Taylor, the boy of president Zachary Taylor and also commander of some 10,000 Confederate men, concluded a similar peace with his Union equivalent in the region and surrendered his army on may 4.
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Several job later, Nathan Bedford Forrest offered up his mounties corps in ~ Gainesville, Alabama, informing his men: “That we are beaten is a self-evident fact, and also any additional resistance ~ above our component would justly be concerned as the very height of folly and also rashness.”
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Diorama explicate of the battle of Palmito Ranch. (Credit: Texas Military pressures Museum, Camp Mabry, Austin, Texas)
Fighting continued West that the Mississippi
Still, the southern wasn’t fairly done. Also after those surrenders, ~ Union troops caught the fugitive Davis in Georgia and after president Johnson claimed on might 10 the the South’s equipped resistance “may be concerned as virtually at an end,” fighting still ongoing west of the Mississippi River.
Near Brownsville, Texas on may 12, a pressure of 350 Confederates under Col. Man “Rip” Ford beat 800 Union troops led by Col. Theodore H. Barrett in the fight of Palmito Ranch, the last land battle of the civil War. “It’s mainly Texans matches Texans,” says Charles D. Grear, professor of bromheads.tv at central Texas College and also author the Why Texans dealt with in the civil War. “It wasn’t really that huge of a fight, yet it’s tho the last far-ranging conflict the the polite War.”