In 1945, the scars of world War II throughout the people were quiet fresh. The are afraid of having to engage in one more world battle was very real. A mere 2 years ~ the finish of WWII, the Cold war began. The unified Nations, i m sorry was formed to administer a forum to prevent future wars, consisted of the membership of the Soviet Union, the joined States, the joined Kingdom and also 57 various other countries. The US adopted a firm view to save the spread of communism, which to be being aggressively supported by the USSR.

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The oriental War began when the North oriental People’s military (NKPA) crossed the 38th parallel into South Korea. Adhering to its policy of containment, the united States could not disregard the hazard of communism in Asia, yet neither the chairman nor the general public wanted a long, attracted out war. Chairman Truman hand selected basic Douglas MacArthur to command the U.S. Troops in south Korea. MacArthur arrived on his article a human being War II hero, having efficiently led many troops with the war. Adhering to his to win in WWII that had become the supreme Commander because that the Allied strength in Japan. MacArthur to be revered and also highly praised in the unified States.

The basic assured the president that the oriental War would certainly be short-lived and also that the American troops would certainly be home by Christmas. MacArthur was at first successful in driving earlier the north Korean forces over the 38th parallel. That made a controversial move, however, as soon as he continued to push the north Koreans additional north and also suggested bombing cities in China the were assumed to it is in aiding the North korean troops. In pushing because that a larger conflict, MacArthur downplayed the hazard of inciting a enormous war in Asia.

President Truman’s main issue was conserving as numerous lives together possible, also if that intended signing a ceasefire along the 38th parallel. General MacArthur did no think a ceasefire to be an proper solution. The two men clashed. Because that Truman, the war stood for an chance to stop the spread out of communism into South Korea. For MacArthur, the battle was an chance to liberate the phibìc from communist control, and also aggressive action was required.

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MacArthur thwarted Truman’s attempt to negotiate a ceasefire once the general ordered his troops to attack North Korea and also push the NKPA up past the 38th parallel. This was not the an initial time the general had ignored direct orders native his commander in Chief. Top top April 11, 1951, president Truman officially relieved Douglas MacArthur the his command. Word of his firing spread quickly, and also the American public uncovered the news upsetting. Truman felt that his decision was just because MacArthur had actually overstepped his authority, defied direct orders native his superior and interfered v Truman’s hope of ending the korean War quickly.


Documents to be examined:

“Home because that Christmas” declare by general MacArthur, November 28, 1950Statement by the president on his meeting with general MacArthur at wake Island, October 15, 1950Praise come MacArthur from the share Chiefs that Staff, September 29, 1950Record of phone Calls about the Dismissal the MacArthur, ca. April 1951Diary entry of harry S. Truman, April 6, 1951Transcript of MacArthur’s address to Congress, April 19, 1951Excerpt from The Dynamics of people Power, 1973Letter from significant General take care of Vaughan to Mr. Nigel Bruce, may 15, 1951