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Samuel Adams portrait. Samuel Okey. 1775. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.

On the night of the American Revolution, Samuel Adams, Dr. Joseph Warren, James Otis, and other Patriot leaders in Boston well-known the prominence of cumulative resistance, the strength of correspondence, and much more importantly the an important significance of city meetings. They well-known that in order to gain famous support they required to break-up the stamin of the towns away indigenous British rule. Their first step to be to get influence in city meetings transparent Massachusetts, which were primarily overcame by Loyalists, although right now the number of Patriot supporters was farming rapidly. In Boston top top Monday, November 2, 1772, they organized a city meeting in ~ Faneuil Hall and garnered enough support to poll in a resolution to produce a was standing Committee the Correspondence. The objective of the Boston Committee the Correspondence to be to “Prepare a declare of the civil liberties of the colonists, and also of this province in particular, together men, as Christians, and as subjects; Prepare a statements of the infringement that those rights; and Prepare a letter to be sent to every the towns of this province and to the world, giving the feeling of this town.”


The first communication the Boston Committee the Correspondence sent out to the communities of Massachusetts was a perform of grievances they had actually with Britain and also a request the their see be endorsed. Accompanying the list of grievances to be a request that asked because that “a complimentary communication of your sentiments come this town, that our common danger”. The list included the following grievances:


i. “British Parliament has actually assumed strength of law for the homesteaders without their consent.”
ii. “Parliament has raised illegal revenues.”
iii. “Tax collectors have actually been appointed through the Crown, a right reserved to the province.”
iv. “Tax collectors room entrusted with power too absolute and also arbitrary. Personal premises room exposed come search.”
vi. “Tax revenue has actually been used by King to salary provincial government officers, making them dependent on him, in violation the the charter.”
vii. “General assemblies are forced to accomplish in inconvenient places. Activities of the council have been limited.”
ix. “Restraints are placed against iron mills, cap manufacture, and also transport; wool cannot be lugged over a ferry; many other businesses space curtailed.”
x. “Colonists accused of destroying any kind of British naval residential property are to it is in transported to England because that trial.”
xii. “Parliament is do frequent change of the bounds of the colonies, no according come charter.”

Immediately complying with the issuing of the list of grievances, the majority of towns in Massachusetts take it stock in the example collection by the Boston Committee of Correspondence and also established a network that Committees that Correspondence transparent the swarm of Massachusetts. The name Committee of Correspondence aided garner support during this radical period. Quite than being singular in title, the word “committee” dead no classic ring and also carried more moral strength in the mental of the homesteaders than a inquiry from a solitary representative or even a solitary town would certainly have.

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Function

Soon after ~ the development of the Boston Committee of Correspondence and also the network the Committees of post which soon sprung up all over Massachusetts, in the spring of 1773 Committees of correspondence were developed in the nests of Rhode Island, Connecticut, new Hampshire, and South Carolina. By February 1774, eleven of the Thirteen Colonies, excluding Pennsylvania and North Carolina, had established networks the Committees that Correspondence. In terms of power, by at an early stage 1774 the Committees that Correspondence had superseded the colonial legislature and also royal officials in the Thirteen Colonies. The Committees of post were significant in revolutionizing the town meeting indigenous discussions of regional matters to far-reaching global politics. In effect, the town meeting ended up being the action-level because that the Patriot cause. This meetings served as a method for the pertained to citizenry come voice your opinions about the grievances they had with Britain.

The primary function of the Committees that Correspondence to be the championing and implementation of the Patriot cause through diplomatic means. The huge network that Committees of Correspondence offered as a an effective pipeline through which information might betransfer to all of the Thirteen Colonies. The Committees that Correspondence served as a well-calculated Patriot network for the circulation of news and also information together it pertained to grievances with Britain from the major cities to the countryside communities. The Committees of Correspondence were responsible because that ensuring the info they disseminated to be accurate and reflected the see of their neighborhood parent federal governments on particular issues, the early american interpretation of british policy, and that the details they authorize was sent to the suitable factions. Info was disseminated by the Committees the Correspondence transparent the Thirteen nests through pamphlets and letters carried by article riders or onboard ships. Additionally, papers served as crucial tools and also communiqués because that the network that Committees of Correspondence. The Boston Committee of correspondence relied on the Boston Gazette and Massachusetts Spy together a principle method of disseminating information concerning the Patriot cause and also grievances through Britain. The Committees that Correspondence advocated manufacturing in the Thirteen Colonies and also advised homesteaders not come buy products imported from Britain.

The goal of the Committees of Correspondence transparent the Thirteen colonies was to inform voters of the typical threat they confronted from their mother nation – Britain. The majority of the members of the Committees of post were also members of their local chapters that the secret Patriot organization the sons of Liberty. They set up espionage networks to determine disloyal elements and also disenfranchised royal officials. The Maryland Committee of post was influential in creating the an initial Continental Congress. Castle convened in Philadelphia in September and also October that 1774 come petition Britain to repeal the Intolerable Acts. Committees that Correspondence functioned in conjunction with the Committees the Safety, formally Councils of war – i beg your pardon had been in existence since the 17th century. The Committees that Safety, favor the Committees the Correspondence, were developed on the night of the American change throughout the Thirteen swarms in response to tensions with Britain and also empowered committees come “alarm, muster, and cause to be assembled” as much of the provincial militia as needed at any time. The Committees the Correspondence and also the Committees that Safety, most notably in Massachusetts, were influential in the organizing, training, and arming that Patriot militias and also establishing carriers of minute guys prior come the outbreak that the American transformation on April 19, 1775, at Lexington and Concord. Committees the Correspondence provided the politics organization vital to unite the Thirteen swarms in opposition come Britain. As a political entity, the Committees that Correspondence to be replaced throughout the American revolution by the much more formal and qualified Provincial Congresses but they still continued to function at the regional level.


The Committees the Correspondence could hardly claim to be the voice that the majority of colonists in the Thirteen Colonies, yet their voice to be the loudest and most broadcast of all the factions.

With what showed up as good support and also acceptance transparent the Thirteen Colonies, Committees of correspondence were viewed as a major grievance to supporters of the Loyalist cause. In July 1774 in Worcester, Massachusetts – a hotbed the Patriot support- a letter signed through fifty-two “free men” stated the adhering to denouncing the Committees the Correspondence as rebellious: “The committees of correspondence in the several towns of this province, being creatures of contemporary invention, and constituted as they be, room a publicly grievance; having actually no legitimate foundation; contrived by a junto, come serve certain designs and purposes of your own; and also that they, as they have been, and also now are managed in this town, are a nuisance.” The Committees of Correspondence could hardly case to it is in the voice the the bulk of homesteaders in the Thirteen Colonies, but their voice was the loudest and also most broadcasted of every the factions. That was really easy to develop and kind a regional Committee the Correspondence. Any type of localized team of Patriots could form a committee and also join the substantial network of Committees of Correspondence and serve together the Patriot voice because that their corresponding region. Roughly, 7,000 to 8,000 Patriots offered as delegates in ~ the local and also colony level top top the various Committees the Correspondence. Nonetheless, the influence and also implications of the Committees of Correspondence to be enormous and also directly led to the outbreak the the American Revolution.

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The Tea Party Connection

With come of the Dartmouth, Eleanor, and Beaver carrying cargoes of British eastern India agency Tea, the Boston Committee of Correspondence was charged with regulating the “tea crisis” in late 1773. The Boston Committee that Correspondence to be the driving force of the December 16, 1773, Boston Tea Party, i m sorry was lugged out by the boy of Liberty. Samuel Adams to be the prominent leader of both organizations. The meetings in November and December in ~ the Old southern Meeting residence held prior to the Boston Tea Party were arranged by the Boston Committee the Correspondence and also the young of Liberty. Samuel Adams referred to as upon the Committees of post from transparent Massachusetts because that support, calling them to it is in in “readiness in the many resolute manner to aid this city in their efforts for conserving this oppressed country”.


Samuel Adams dubbed upon the Committees of Correspondent from throughout Massachusetts for support, calling them to it is in in “readiness in the most resolute path to help this town in their initiatives for saving this oppressed country.”

Immediately following the December 16, 1773, Boston Tea Party, Samuel Adams connected the news the the Boston Tea Party with the huge networks that the Committees that Correspondence transparent the Thirteen Colonies. In letter dated as at an early stage as December 17, Samuel Adams report on the event and emphasized the damage of the “detested tea” took ar “without the the very least Injury come the vessels or any other property”. Building rights were one of Samuel Adams’ key arguments versus British taxation, for this reason he had to make clear the only damage the Boston Tea Party led to was the destruction of the tea. Paul Revere rode to Manhattan, brand-new York, arriving on December 21 to supply the Boston Committee of Correspondence’s report the the damage of the tea. The Boston Committee the Correspondence report the following: “We had a better Meeting of the Body 보다 ever. The nation coming in native Twenty miles round, and also every action was taken the was practicable because that returning the Teas. The moment it was known out the Doors, the Mr. Rotch can not acquire a pass for his delivery by the Castle, a variety of People huzza’d in the Street, and also in a very tiny Time, every oz of the Teas on plank of Capt. Hall, Bruce, and also Coffin, was immersed in the Bay, without the the very least Injury to exclusive Property. The heart of the civilization on this occasion surprised every Parties, who perceived the Scene.”


Boston Tea Party pearls & Museum