Multiple Choice Questions for Running Water - Chapter 10Each chapter will certainly encompass a couple of concerns designed to test your expertise of material spanned in the chapter and also in the Internet-based sources. Your answers are not being tape-recorded. Try the complying with. A dendritic stream pattern will certainly tend to construct in __________ .regions underlain by regularly-spaced joints or faultsareas of folded strata alengthy the flanks of isolated volcanoesregions of flay-lying sedimentary rocksPoint bars are deposited _____________ .on the inside of a meander bendon the outside of a meander bendat the base of a waterfallby turbidity currentsAs a river overflows its financial institutions in the time of flood, it drops a lot of its coarser-grainedfill instantly, forming landcreates dubbed ___________ .deltasalluvial fansnatural leveessuggest barsA river flows right into a quiet lake and starts to develop a ____________ .deltasalluvial fansnatural leveespoint bars Which among the complying with mainly decreases downstream alengthy the size ofa stream?channel widthchannel depthgradientvelocityWhich of the complying with statements about fluid flow is false?as the velocity of a stream increases, laminar flow may readjust to turbulent flowthe viscosity of most fluids increases as temperature increasesthe majority of streams and also rivers are turbulentthe even more viscous the liquid, the even more most likely the circulation is laminarWhat form of flow have the right to transfer gravel and also cobbles?laminarturbulentboth A and Bneither A nor BParticles that roll and slide along the river bottom are called _________ .bed loadsuspfinished loadliquified loadnone of the aboveWhat type of material is the majority of most likely to be transported as suspfinished load?claysiltsanddepends on the "energy" of the streamSuspfinished fill includes product ___________ . rolling along on the bottom of the streamtemporarily or permanently suspended in the flowdeposited on the bottom of the streamrolling alengthy the bottom and also suspfinished in the flowThe rate at which suspended pposts come to be component of the bed fill of a stream is referred to as the ____________ . discharge velocitycapacitysettling velocitycompetenceRunning water erodes solid rock by _________ .abrasianchemical and also physical weatheringundercutting activity of currentsall of the aboveAt a bend in a river, _________ occurs on the external of the bfinish and ________ occurs on the inside of the bfinish.erosion ..... depositiondeposition ...... erosionerosion .......erosiondeplace ..... depositionWhich of the adhering to does not determine whether a stream is directly, braided, or meandering?flow volumesediment loadriverfinancial institution erodibilitysize of riverThe volume of water flowing previous a suggest in a given time is called the __________.comptenceviscositydischargecapacityWhat is the probability of a 50-year flood occuring following year?2%10%50%cannot be identified from the indevelopment givenThe shape of the longitudinal profile of all streams is __________ .a horizontal linea directly line sloping downstreama concave upward curvea concave downward curveIf sea level were to climb, the slope of the longitudinal profile of many kind of rivers would _________ . rise decreasefirst rise, then decreasefirst decrease, then increaseIf a dam is built, sediment will certainly ________ on the upstream side of the dam and also sediment will certainly ________ on the downstream side of the dam.accumulate ... accumulateaccumulate ... erodeerode ... accumulateerode ... erodeTerraces are remnants of previous ___________ . floodplainsriversfloodplain depositsalluvial fansWhat form of drainage pattern would you mean to discover on a volcano?dendriticrectangularradialradicalWhat type of drainage pattern would you intend to find where rapid weathering along joints in bedrock controls the course of streams?dendriticrectangularradialradicalA delta is made up of sediments ____________ . deposited at the mouth of a riverdeposited on the inside of a meander loopdeposited at a hill frontdeposited on the outside of a meander loopWhich of the complying with procedures is the most important erosional force?streamsglacierswindwavesAbout how much liquified materials carry out rivers move each year?2-4 thousand also tons2-4 million tons2-4 billion tons2-4 trillion tonsBecause humans started to actively influence their environment, how much has sediment move by streams increased?10%50%100%200%Which of the following flows is the majority of most likely to be turbulent?slow-moving circulation in a shpermit channelrapid circulation in a shenable channelslow circulation in a deep channelrapid circulation in a deep channelWhich of the adhering to statements around liquid circulation is false?as the velocity of a stream rises, laminat circulation might readjust to stormy flowthe viscosity of the majority of fluids boosts as the temperature increasesmost streams and also rivers are turbulentthe even more viscous the liquid, the even more most likely the circulation is laminarWhat kind of flow have the right to move gravel and also cobbles?laminarturbulentboth A and Bneither A nor BWhat form of product is many most likely to be transported as suspended load?clay particlessand particlesgravel particlesevery one of these are equally most likely to be transported as suspended loadWhich of the following statements around streams is false?for the exact same discharge, laminar flows mostly bring more sediment than turbulent flowsmuch faster currents can lug larger pposts than slower currentssmaller sized particles clear up more gradually than bigger particlesthe base level is the lowest level to which a stream can erodsGravel-sized pposts are transported by rivers as ________.suspended loadbed loadliquified loadall of theseThe intermittent jumping activity of sand also grains along a river bottom is referred to as ______.saltationripplingsuspensionmeanderingThroughout turbulen flow, smaller grains will not _________.be picked up more generally than large grainsjump higher than large grainsclear up even more easily than big grainstake a trip further than big grainsWhich of the adhering to stream velocities will result in the biggest sand dunes?lowmoderatehighincredibly highPotholes in river bottom bedrock are formed by _____.the impacy of a huge rock relocated by a solid present which renders a "crater"the grinding action of a pebble or cobble in a swirling eddycascading water from a waterfall which wears away the rocknamong the above
Of the choices present belpw, the a lot of widespread youthful cross-sectional river valley profile is _____?ABCDOf the choices present below, the the majority of widespread mature cross-sectional river valley profile is _____?ABCDWhat is the term for a curved sandbar that forms on the inside curve of a stream?meandersuggest barduneoxbow
In this figure the arrow is pointing to a(n) _________?meanderpoint barorganic leveeoxbow lakeNatural levees are consisted of of ___________.silt and also clay deposited throughout a floodsand also and gravel deposited during a floodoverlaping allude barsisolated point barsNatural dams are collected by _________.beavershumansfloodserosionFor a provided river, which of the complying with floods would have the largest discharge?a 5-yeara 20-year flood a 100-yearone cannot be established from the informaiton givenWhich of the complying with statements about floods is true?a 50-year flood is primarily of greater magnitude than a 100-year flooda 100-year flood has a 10% chance of developing in any one year.if tright here is a 20% probability of a flood of a particular elevation emerging in any type of one year it is referred to as a 5-year floodthe recurrence interval of a flood of a details height does not depfinish upon the width of the floodplainWhat is the main reason sediment is deposited in large cone-shaped deposits at mountain fronts? because stream valleys widen abruptly at a hill frontbereason stream valleys nattrow abruptly at a mountain frontbecause streat valleys gain much steeptr a a mountain frontbecause stream valeys acquire much less steep at a mountain frontRiver terraces are written of ________ and create as an outcome of quick _______bedrock .... subsidencebedrock ..... upliftflood ordinary deposits .....
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subsidenceflood plain deposits ..... upliftIf a stream breaks via a divide and captures drainage from the competing stream it is calledcompetitive capturecompetitive erosionstream piracystream capture
This pattern most carefully resembles ________ drainagedendriticrectangularradialtrellisIn this map watch, the stream is flowing _______from top to bottomfrom bottom to topfrom best to leftfrom left to rightA _________ drainage pattern creates wbelow fast weathering along joints in bedrock controls the course of streamsdendriticrectangularradialtrellisHow much deserve to huge rivers, such as the Amazon, keep a present out to sea?meters10s of metersthousands of metersmany kilometersA delta is made up of sediments _________deposited at the mouth of a riverdeposited on the inside of a meander loopdeposited at a moutain frontdeposited on the outsideof a meander loopWhich of the complying with beds in a lake-delta is composed of thin horizontal layers of mud? topsetforesetbottomcollection bedsevery one of theseWhy is the Missippi delta so large? bereason the Mississippi RIver transporting activities a huge amount of sedimentbereason the tides in the GUlf of Mexico are not exceptionally strongbecause waves in the Gulf of Mexico are not extremely strong all of theseThe eastern coastline of North America lacks deltas because ________ waves and also tides are too strongno rivers empty out alengthy the eastern coast of North AMericathe Applachian Mountains are also erosion resistant rivers of the eastern coastline have actually currental fees that are too weak to lug a lot sedimentTry these fill-in-the blanksRerevolve to the Physical Geology Home Page