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hatchet

False: Nationwide, around 12% the parolees successfully finish patrol

Definition
Term

In 2006, the U. S. Supreme Court discovered that the fourth Amendment does no prohibit police officers from conducting a warantless find of a person who is topic to a parole find condition, also when over there is no hesitation of criminal wrongdoing and the sole factor for the find is due to the fact that the human is on parole.

You are watching: Which of the following statements about probation is false?

Definition
Term

The severe Violent Offender Reentry initiative (SVORI) provides additional services, such as education and learning and skills training to criminal who space most most likely to attitude a risk to the community upon release.

Definition
Term

A common caseload because that an intensive supervision probation officer is NOT250 probationers.

Definition
Term

The U. S. Supreme Court has held the parole boards carry out not have to specify the proof used in deciding to deny parole.

Definition
Term

A probation officer go not need a search warrant or probable cause to find a probationer"s residence.

Definition
Term

There space NOTfar much more offenders in prision today than room serving community-based sentences.

Definition
Term

False: offenders who have actually been paroled normally avoid serving time in prison, while probationers room incarcerated prior to release.

Definition
Term

False: separation sentencing entails a brief period of incarceration in prison and also shock probation entails a brief period of incarceration in jail.

Definition
Term

Split sentences and shock probation an outcome from decisions made by justice authority.

Definition
Term

If a probationer walk not insurance claim a right versus self incrimination, any kind of statements made come a probation officer might be offered as evidence.

Definition
Term

False: functioning as a probation or special amnesty officer is attractive due to the fact that of the little caseloads and also ample opportunities for job mobility.

Definition
Term

False: recent research indicates that criminal sentenced come shock incarceration have lower recidivism prices than offenders sentenced to ordinary prisions.

Definition
Term Probation, parole, house confinement, and also electronic security are instances of:
Definition community-based corrections
Term

Who is well-known as the world"s first probation officer?

Definition John Augustus
Term

Bob is sentenced to probation. The problems of his probation, and all probationers in this jurisdiction, incorporate maintaining employment, possessing no firearm, obeying all laws, and also meeting v his probation officer. These space _______ conditions.

Definition general
Term i beg your pardon of the complying with statements are false?
Definition Convicted murderers and rapists cannot be sentenced to probation.
Term Discretionary special amnesty is granted by:
Definition a parole board.
Term which of the adhering to is not a role of a probation or parole officer"s work?
Definition assistance come prosecutors by conducting arrests and investigations
Term all of the adhering to are advantages of using probation rather of inprisionment except:
Definition increased threat to the community
Term Morrissey v. Brewer provides procedural safeguards come parolees in ~ ________ hearings.
Definition revocation
Term i beg your pardon model, describing the duties of probation and also parole officers, watch clients together "wards" whom policemans are expected to control?
Definition correctional model
Term

Which kind of sentence calls for that offenders serve weekends in jail and receive probation supervision during the week?

Definition mixed sentence
Term which of the adhering to sentences is NOT and example that an intermediate sanction?
Definition simple probation
Term i m sorry intermediate sanction resembles a military-style bootcamp?
Definition shock incarceration
Term research has presented that shock incarceration programs:
Definition can save money
Term

What type of probation can require face-to-face contacts in between the officer and the probationer 5 times a week, a causing obligation curfew, having actually a job, and submitting to weekly alcohol and also drug testing?

Definition intensive
Term Revocation the probation or parole:
Definition requires procedural safeguards consisting of a hearing
Term i beg your pardon of the following is no cited as a disadvantage the probation and parole?
Definition Probation and also parole programs space underused, enabling practitioners come adequately supervise offenders on their caseloads.
Term

Mempa v. Ray held that a probationer should have the opportunity for _____ before a deffered prision sentence deserve to be imposed.

Definition counsel
Term Probation is bespeak by:
Definition the court
Term What is the many common kind of criminal sentencing in the united States?
Definition probation
Term according to a office of righteousness Statistics study, about what percent of people convicted of homicide are placed on probation?
Definition 5%
Term which of the following sentences is a prisioner reentry strategy?
Definition parole
Term What is the most common method for release from prison?
Definition statutory release
Term What percent of inmates successfully completes parole?
Definition 44%
Term Who makes federal special amnesty decisions?
Definition United states Parole Commission
Term roughly how numerous probationers successfully completed their probationary hatchet in 2007?
Definition
Term which of the complying with is not among the most constant violations because that which revocation occurs?
Definition committed a new crime
Term The U. S. Can be fried Court has declined to expand the exclusionary ascendancy to searches conducted by whom?
Definition parole officers
Term Which type of sentence requires that offenders offer time in a neighborhood jail prior to a period of supervised probation?
Definition split sentence
Term Who renders the release decision once an offender is sentenced come shock parole?
Definition the parole board
Term which of the complying with intermediate penalty exposes criminal to a highly regimented environment involving strict discipline, physical training, and also hard labor?
Definition shock incarceration
Term which of the adhering to is no a finding native the 1995 study of the procedure of shock incarceration programs in eight states?
Definition The influence of recidivism is significant
Term What is often explained as the strictest kind of probation for adult in the unified States?
Definition intensive probation supervision
Term What kind of parole hearing determines even if it is the parolee has actually violated the problems of his or her parole?
Definition revocation hearing
Term i beg your pardon of the following is not a disadvantage of probation or parole?
Definition increased methods for rehabilitation
Term practically every person incarcerated in jail and 97% of those incarcerated in prison:
Definition will eventually be released ago into society
Term The relax of one inmate indigenous prison the is established by a state or sentencing guidelines and is NOT decided by a parole board or other authority.
Definition mandatory release
Term federal probation officers have the authority to arrest probation violators, however they are urged to attain an arrest warrant from a court and also have the warrant enforcement by:
Definition the U. S. Marshals Service
Term

False: The Auburn system was a type of imprisionment arisen as an alternate to corporal punishments that made usage of solitary confinement and encouraged rehabilitation.

Definition
Term We have experienced considerable increases in the American prison population even as crime rates have been dropping.
Definition
Term The usage of imprisonment varies considerably in between states.
Definition
Term

False: The prison Industry enhancement Certification program (PIECP) has actually placed far-ranging restrictions on the sale of inmate goods.

Definition
Term

False: The reformatory era the imprisonment was based top top a clinical model the corrections.

Definition
Term

False: Research carried out by Robert Martinson concludes the offender participation in rehabilitation programs substantially reduces recidivism rates.

Definition
Term The main philosophy behind prisons today is rehabilitation
Definition
Term

False: The Pennsylvania mechanism of imprisonment concentrated on difficult labor, applied silence, and also corporal punishments.

Definition
Term

False: Parole, indeterminate sentencing, and good time were innovations emerged in America throughout the punitive era that inprisonment.

Definition
Term

False: because of the Ashurst Summers Act, prison markets are experiencing rapid growth.

Definition
Term The simply deserts philosophy has actually led to comprehensive and continued increases in the American prison population.
Definition
Term False: An check of imprisonment statistics by race shows no disparity between blacks and whites in prison.
Definition
Term The stocks and the pillory are examples of what type of punishment?
Definition public humiliation
Term The Pennsylvania format of imprisionment was identified by:
Definition solitary confinement and also individual cells
Term Who developed the Irish system of inprisonment?
Definition Sir Walter Crofton
Term Quakers, penance, and the Pennsylvania format of imprisonment space tied come the
Definition penitentiary
Term during the early years of the twentieth century, there to be opposition come prison markets primarily due to the fact that they:
Definition threatened jobs of workers
Term Historically, __________ to be the many widely used kind of physics punishment.
Definition flogging
Term The expression "an eye because that an eye" is an instance of lex talionis, the
Definition law that retaliation
Term Zebulon Brockway, a leading advocate of indeterminate sentencing, is connected with the _________ era.
Definition reformatory
Term In the commonwealth Bureau of Prisons tool security institutions are called:
Definition Federal correctional institutions
Term Nathaniel Hawthorne"s The Scarlett Letter provides an example of what form of punishment?
Definition branding
Term A far-ranging factor that contributes to variation in incarceration rates in between states is each state"s:
Definition violent crime rate
Term The Auburn system of imprisonment came to be popular throughout which prison era?
Definition mass prison
Term What form of inmate labor system allows private enterprise to pay to usage inmate labor?
Definition contract system
Term Which jail era emphasized security and was based on the id that detainees owed a debt to society?
Definition punitive
Term A state or commonwealth confinement basic that has actually custodial authority adults sentenced come confinement:
Definition prison
Term What era was based upon the clinical model the corrections?
Definition treatment
Term The bulk of offenders housed in commonwealth institutions have been judge of:
Definition drug offenses
Term Rhodes v. Chapman hosted that overcrowding in prisons is no by itself:
Definition cruel and also unusual punishment
Term ________ capacity refers to the inmate populace the school was originally built to handle.
Definition Design
Term The use of jail chain gangs, the abolition of parole, and taking away several of the "comforts" of jail are facets of which era that imprisonment?
Definition just deserts
Term The ________ is a regulate mechanism offered by correctional administrators at regular intervals througout the day.
Definition count
Term What is the name of the jail-management strategy the joins podular/unit framework with a participative, proactive administration philosophy?
Definition direct supervision
Term A dormitory-like setting, personal rooms, and unarmed correctional police officers are characteristic of _________ protection institutions.
Definition minimum
Term i what year go the critical officially sanctioned flogging that a criminal offender happenn in the joined States?
Definition 1952
Term Which early on punishment was generally a strategy of certain deterrence because it do it challenging for individuals to go future crimes?
Definition mutilation
Term A product of inmate labor created under the state-use mechanism would include:
Definition license plates
Term What early on correctional leader developed a system of marks with which prisoners can earn credits to buy your freedom?
Definition Captain Alexander Maconochie
Term What kind of inmate labor device puts inmates to job-related cleaning windy parks and also maintaining roads and also highways?
Definition public works system
Term What type of inmate labor mechanism operates in the fereral system?
Definition state-use system
Term commonwealth Prison Industries, responsible for prison labor methods in the commonwealth prison sytem, is additionally called:
Definition UNICOR
Term Terms like convict bogey and lock psychosis to be poplar throughout what jail era?
Definition punitive era
Term The California room of Corrections had actually an unwritten plan of racially segregating detainees in bespeak to stop racial violence. In 2005 the U. S. Can be fried Court reviewed the policy held that it:
Definition was unconstitutional
Term i m sorry of the complying with is a properties of jails?
Definition hold suspects following arrest and also pending trial
Term ADMAX of administrative maximum is the term offered by the federal government to denote:
Definition ultra-high defense prisons
Term The historical prison era that focused on offering opportunites for improvement to inmates outside of prison was:
Definition the community-based era
Term The federal Prison Rehabilitation action of 1965 authorized __________ for federal prisoners.
Definition work release
Term _________ volume is the number of inmates the a basic can effectively accomodate based upon an appraisal the the institution"s staff, programs, and also services.
Definition Operational
Term The current era that imprisonment, called the just deserts era, most very closely resembles what earlier era?
Definition the punitive era
Term _______ incapcitation is a strategy that would imprison virtually all significant offenders.
Definition Collective
Term ________ incapacitation looks for to determine the most dangerous criminals.
Definition Selective
Term The rate of imprisonment of black color males is about ______ greater than the of white males.
Definition 7 times
Term What is the many common classification for i m sorry inmates have been sentenced come state prisons?
Definition violent crimes
Term All fatality row inmates are in:
Definition maximum security prisons
Term aims is the finest known:
Definition internal category system
Term A personal prison
Definition is activate by a personal firm on behalf ofgovernment
Term How many security levels space there in the federal prison system?
Definition 5
Term The largest growth group in jails nationwide is:
Definition females
Term Jails that are developed to operation using an unified resources the a range of neighborhood jurisdictions room called:
Definition regional jails
Term The degree of prisonization skilled by an inmate has tendency to vary overtime.
Definition
Term

False: Inmates experiencing from far-reaching mental condition do not account because that a far-reaching number that those imprisoned.

Definition
Term

Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman, a remote muslem cleric and spiritual leader for countless Islamic terrorists, including Osama Bin Laden, has continued to motivate terror acts even as a sinner of the commonwealth Bureau of Prisons.

Definition
Term Correctional personnel deserve to play a function in protecting America from strikes by terrorists.
Definition
Term

False: Research indicates that jail subcultures have been stable over time despite transforms in wider culture.

Definition
Term part authors suggest that violence in women"s prisons occurs less regularly than in men"s prisons.
Definition
Term A prisoner"s mail can be censored if that is important to execute so because that security.
Definition
Term

A writ that habeas body directs the human being detaining a sinner to bring him or her before a justice officer to identify the lawfulness the imprisonment.

Definition
Term

False: The primary worry of correctional officers today is the effective rehabilitation the inmates.

Definition
Term favor inmates, correctional officers are socialized right into the official and also unofficial rules of employee society.
Definition
Term few women"s prisons have actually programs specifically designed because that female offenders.
Definition
Term

False: The majority of offenses cursed by females who are in prisons and jails space violent offenses.

Definition
Term

False: Inmates have actually a reasonable expectation the privacy in your cells.

Definition
Term prison language is additionally called:
Definition prison argot
Term Erving Goffman offered what ax to explain places where the same civilization work, recreate, worship, eat, and also sleep together?
Definition total institutions
Term The socialization of inmates into the prison subculture is called:
Definition prisonization
Term The ________ model of prison culture suggests the inmates carry values, roles, and behavior fads from the external world.
Definition importation
Term In 2006, in the case of mustache v. Bank, the U. S. Supreme Court hosted that prison officials in Pennsylvania could prohibit the state"s most violent inmates from:
Definition receiving magazines, photographs, and newspapers sent out to lock in the mail
Term researchers have described one type of prisoner who takes benefit of the confident experiences the prison has to offer as:
Definition an opportunist
Term i m sorry of the adhering to terms is jail slang because that an informant?
Definition rat
Term A female offender, who is a job criminal and also generally supportive of inmate"s worths in a women"s prison, is called:
Definition a cool
Term Cruz v. Beto, decided in 1972, organized that inmates have to be given:
Definition a reasonable chance to seek their faith.
Term wolf v. McDonnell listed inmates with:
Definition appropriate due procedure before sanctions can be leveled versus them.
Term within a couple of years complying with the hands-off doctrine, ________ intervened in the running of prisons in plenty of states.
Definition the commonwealth Courts
Term The ten years in between 1970 and also 1980 have been referred to as ___________ of prison riots.
Definition the "explosive decade"
Term This group experiences the highest possible rate that physical disease while in prison.
Definition Females
Term as soon as a mrs is in prison her kids are most likely to be cared because that by:
Definition grandparents
Term What word explains aggressive guys who i think the masculine function in homosexual connections in male prisons?
Definition wolf
Term Which kind of prisoner thinks the prison as home and feels much more comfortable institutionalized than on the streets?
Definition colonizer
Term Some studies estimate the ratio of mentally deficient inmates at about ______ .
Definition 10%
Term The many radical form of Islam, _________, is being spread in American prisons providing new recruits who are American citizens.
Definition Wahhabism
Term Correctional personnel have a function to beat in staying clear of terrorist assaults on America by:
Definition intelligence gathering
Term "Rookie" correctional officers discover through socialization that:
Definition the ideals that professionalism stressed in training space rarely translated into reality.
Term The nationwide Institute of Corrections specifies _____ as "creating an environment...that reflects an understanding of the realities of women"s lives and addresses the issues of women."
Definition gender-responsiveness
Term i beg your pardon of the following is no a cause of prison riots?
Definition multiple treatment avenues for inmates
Term follow to the national Institute for correction the profile for a female sinner in America would encompass the following characterisic:
Definition Survivor of physics or sexual abuse
Term which state has the largest variety of female prisoners?
Definition Texas
Term according to the national Institute of corrections _______ percent of women entering prison room mothers.
Definition 80%
Term Streetwise young females with small respect for classic prison values room called:
Definition crack kids
Term In prison the major threat the Muslin radicalization comes from:
Definition inmates
Term Suits come formally request a hear to determine the lawfulness of imprisonment are typically called:
Definition writs that habeas corpus
Term if in prison American citizens deserve to be presented to a radical form of:
Definition Islam
Term A(n) _________ is a formalized arrangement, usually entailing a neutral hearing board, through which inmates have the opportunity to it is registered complaints around the problems of your confinement.
Definition grievance procedure
Term The courts have normally held the inmates going prior to disciplinary hearing boards room entitled to:
Definition notice that the fees brought against them
Term Civil fatality refers to:
Definition inmates refuse the opportunity to vote, hold public office, or get in into contracts.
Term A prison official might be organized liable under the Eighth Amendment for acting with __________ come inmate wellness or safety just if the or she knows the inmate face a an extensive risk of severe harm and disregards the risk.
Definition deliberate indifference
Term In regard to clinical treatment the U. S. Supreme Court protects detainees from:
Definition the "deliberate indifference" on the component of the staff
Term Which supreme Court instance signals a return to the hands-off theory of earlier times?
Definition Wilson v. Seiter
Term What commonwealth law decreased the variety of suits brought by state detainees in commonwealth courts?
Definition Prison Litigation reform Act
Term inspection results released in 2006 disclose that about _____ that men and also women reported having actually experienced one or much more incidents that pressured or coherced sexual contact during their existing incarceration.
Definition 20%
Term One out of every ______ American youngsters has a parental in prison today.
Definition 43
Term

Class Notes:

Parole: served component of time, out on good behavior

Probation: in lieu of jail time. (4.3 million world are ~ above probation of some sort)

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Unlikely to obtain probation:

5 % murderers gain probation

12% robbers"

30% Aggrivated attack "

60% probationers complete/fullfill probation requirementProbation requirements: follow the law, save job, remain in jurisdiction, no fire arms, pay back-fines,court costs/lawyer costs...

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Additional Probation Requirements/Special Circumstances: 15 year old, may require GED,be subject to drug testing, community service

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Probation Advantages: no in jail, cost effective (40k to save prisoner vs 1.3k per year for probation), employed - they salary taxes.

Probations Disadvantages: absence of punishment, risk to the community. Watch women note belowWomen prisoners discriminated against: lock must have a task - they lack skills, heavy lifting, etc... Blah blah ;-)

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Parole: motivation to improve life. Rehabilitation: problem abuse treatment.

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Intermediate Sanctions: (Other)

Split Sentence - Time/Home/Time

Mixed Sentence - Weekend jail, work during wk/curfew

Intensive Supervision.

Shock probation/Shock parole: "think you are going come jail yet they allow you walk - you"re shocked and do no repeat the crime due to the fact that you room grateful.

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Prison: very little space, overcrowded, cure badly.

We have evolved from killing,torture,hard labor...to rehabilitation.1960"s prisoners started obtaining rights.

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Classification system: seperates criminal into different categories women, men, species of crime committed,etc.Classified prisoners sent to 4 different species facilities:

ADMAX/SuperMax - unltra best security

Maximum Security

Medium Security

Minimum Security

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Jail - arrested awaiting trial, misdemeanor serving not more than 1 yr.

Prison - felony. An ext than one year...

#1 worry of correctional staff: custody and control.

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

5 things that space hurt as soon as you walk to jail:

1. Freedom/Liberty

2. Goods/Services

3. Heteral Relations

4. Personal Atonomy

5. Security/Safety (personal)

Definition
Term

Class Notes:

Womens Prisons are not adept at handle with:

womens details health issues

less opportunity for rehabilitation

*womens prisons, use to be the end of date mens prisons, no equipped because that women.

See more: K. D. Aubert Net Worth, Married, Hairstyle, Husband, Divorce, Children

Women prisoners: mothers, higher rate of sex-related disease, sexually/physically assaulted, poor rate, mental health and wellness issues...