What is concurrent engineering

Concurrent engineering is a an approach of designing and developing engineering products, in which different departments work-related on the various stages of engineering product breakthrough simultaneously. If controlled well, it help to increase the efficiency of product development and also marketing considerably to reduce the time and also contributing to the reduction of the overall advance cost while improving the last product quality.

You are watching: Which of the following is a characteristic of concurrent engineering?

Figure 1 Concurrent design interactions

This streamlined approach in the direction of an design product pressures several groups such as product designmanufacturingproduction, marketing, product support, finance, etc., in ~ the organization to work simultaneously on new product development. (figure1)

For instance, while engineering product designers begin to design the product, the sales team have the right to start functioning on the marketing and the product support department can start thinking about the after-sale support. When the mechanical designers work top top the packaging style to combine the PCB being developed by the electrical engineering team, the software engineers can start looking in ~ the software application code.

Concurrent engineering, also known as the integrated product advance (IPD) or simultaneous engineering was introduced a couple of decades earlier to eliminate the problems from sequential design or so-called “over the wall” process. This systematic method is plan to pressure all the stakeholders to be involved and also the full design product cycle come be taken into consideration from ide to after-sale support. There room plenty of incentives to select Concurrent design over sequential design product development.

The popular of integrated product development has been cultivation recently, thanks to the ever-increasing need for quality assets expeditiously in ~ affordable prices.

Although regulating a simultaneous engineering process is very challenging, the techniques and practices followed as part of concurrent engineering benefits from number of competitive advantages to the company and come the final engineering product itself.

Elements that concurrent engineering

Concurrent engineering presents an environment which encourages and also improves the communication of different disciplines and also departments in the direction of a solitary goal of satisfying an design product requirements. Crucial elements of concurrent engineering can be summarised using a PPT framework or the Golden Triangle (Figure 2).

Figure 2. People, procedure & an innovation framework

People, process, and technology are an important to any kind of organisation and essential in implementing concurrent design to achieve much shorter development time, lower cost, improved product quality and to fulfil customer needs.


Concurrent product advancement is a multidisciplinary team task and it’s necessary that service providers utilise the right professional personnel at the best time to accelerate product development. It is additionally necessary to find people with the right skills and experience along with the following crucial aspects;

Multidisciplinary team to fit the product at the begin of the NPDTeamwork society at the main point of the programGood communication and also collaboration between teams – share relevant and also up to day information across departments and also personnelThe harmonized goal throughout the agency from the top management to the bottom of the business structure


A procedure is a collection of product advancement steps that require to happen to attain a goal. These deserve to be job planning stages, milestone management, problem-solving methodologies, product development crucial stages, information sharing workflow, etc., together just human being are ineffective without procedures in location to assistance their tasks and also decisions. Complying with are several of the processes that have the right to be adopted in concurrent engineering;

Project planning processes and also workflow monitoring which include an essential new product breakthrough elements together as key design stages, turning points for cross-departmental interaction, etc.Workflow because that product data administration such together sharing information, manage engineering change, control specification creep, etc.Product requirement tracking and checkpoints using methods such together Quality role Deployment (QFD) across departmentsDesign review workflow processesDesign evaluation methodologies such as brainstormingFailure Mode and also Effects analysis (FMEA) allows for a systematic investigation of the occurrence and influence of feasible flaws in the brand-new product designThe use of style of experiment (DOE) permits the methodical identification of critical product/process parameters that influence performance


For concurrent engineering to it is in successful, the effective advent of tools, techniques, and also technologies to aid asmooth integration of people and processes is vital. Following vital aspects must be taken into consideration before any implementation.

Identifying the correct tools and technologies that suit the company size, number of team members, processes implemented and product typeIdentifying the maintain needs and training civilization to usage the tools and technologies established above

These room just couple of of the plenty of supportive devices that have the right to be used in a concurrent design environment.

Project management softwareProduct data monitoring & product lifecycle administration suites3D CAD and rapid prototyping modern technologies such as additive manufacturingSuitable FEA toolsEvaluation devices such as DFM, DFA, DFMA and DOEFailure mode analysis tools such together FMEA

Concurrent new product development

By at the same time engaging in multiple facets of design and advance phases throughout the PPT framework, a new product cycle have the right to be diminished significantly. Number 3 reflects a typical new product advancement cycle through some examples of concurrent activities and functions discussed above.

Figure 3. Usual concurrent product development

Examples of concurrent brand-new product advance activities:

Management consults specialists from different disciplines come jointly define a product architecture specification (PDS). Devices such as QFD can be used to track the product requirement throughout departments throughout the early product development stages.During the embodiment design stage, manufacturing is consulted to advice the manufacturability of the architecture by using tools such together DFM, QFD and also DFMA.Production is consulted to advice the design for assembly, which would certainly flag up concerns with one assembly consisting of the need of tools and also jigs. Devices such as design for assembly (DFA) can be used to analyse the design.Sharing style information with manufacturing at the detailed architecture stages that the procedure would allow them to gain the tools and production jigs all set for production.At the last stages the the design, the architecture team shares info such as final specification through sales and marketing teams enabling them come prepare datasheets, brochures, package design, promotional events, etc.Sharing the latest information throughout the team in a controlled central manner is an important at all stages.

See more: Quote By Voltaire: “ It Is Dangerous To Be Right When The Government Is Wrong

Advantages and disadvantages that Concurrent engineering

Advantages the concurrent engineering

It urges multi-disciplinary collaborationReduces product cycle timeReduces costIncreases quality by sustaining the whole project bike – amplified qualityIncreases performance by stopping mistakes in your tracksGives a competitive edge over the competitors

Disadvantages that concurrent engineering

Complex come manageRelies on everyone working with each other hence interaction is criticalRoom for mistakes is tiny as it effects all the departments or self-controls involved


Concurrent design is a an effective workflow methodology if imposed correctly that will certainly positively impact product quality and also the missions of the company. However, there room no one-size-fits-all technique or procedures as each agency and product advancement will be different. Hence, catering and putting a an ideal system in place across the PPT framework is crucial to the success and also a challenge faced through product managers.