Explanation:

In ancient Greek society, the Helots were agricultural slaves (or serfs) who were tied to the land and did all the hard labor in Spartan society. Helots made up the vast majority of the inhabitants of Spartan territory.


Explanation:

In ancient Spartan society there were generally two Kings and five elected Ephors. The Ephors were elected by the body of eligible voting citizens in Sparta. Their primary responsibility was to oversee the actions of Sparta’s Kings. They were also responsible for enforcing Sparta’s laws and were the leading judicial authority in Spartan territory.

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None of these answers are correct; the Spartan legal code was similar to most other Greek city-states.


Explanation:

The Spartans, like many other Greek city-states, formulated an extensive legal code over several centuries, beginning in the early Archaic Era. However, unlike other city-states, the Spartan legal code was never codified and written down. Instead, it was passed on and preserved and strengthened from generation to generation as a sort of universally understood system of laws. Not unlike English “common law” of the Medieval period.

 


Explanation:

For most of its history as a powerful city-state, Sparta was ruled by two kings and a body of wealthy aristocrats. The presence of the two kings might suggest that Sparta was a monarchy, but in actuality the government was administered by a group of five oligarchs known as ephors and an assembly of dozens of officials called “the council of elders.”


None of these answers accurately describes Sparta’s relationship with literature, art, and entertainment.


The Spartan oligarchy forbade any male individual from engaging in artistic pursuits because these were deemed a waste of time.


The Spartans allowed minimal freedom of expression and only allowed literature and art that promoted Spartan social values and obedience to the law.


Although literature and art were considered frivolous in Spartan society, the government tried to promote artistic endeavor so as to match the fame and accomplishments of Athens.


Correct answer:

The Spartans allowed minimal freedom of expression and only allowed literature and art that promoted Spartan social values and obedience to the law.


Explanation:

Spartan society, during the Archaic and Classical periods, emphasized strength, loyalty, and obedience above all other qualities. Centuries of warfare and the enslavement of neighboring peoples had won Sparta many enemies. As a result, all members of Spartan society were trained and educated to be vigilant, disciplined, and devoted to the protection of Sparta from her many rivals. This naturally meant that literature and art was discouraged in Spartan society, especially as Sparta grew more powerful. The literature and art that was allowed was almost always designed to promote Spartan social values and to encourage obedience to the law.


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Example Question #6 : Sparta


Citizenship in Sparta was __________.


Possible Answers:

only available to the wealthy oligarchs who ruled Spartan society


conferred on Spartan individuals at birth and given to helots after fourteen years of service


conferred on all Spartan individuals, but withheld from helots and foreigners


available to any individual, Spartan or foreign, who was willing to serve in the Spartan army


a tenuous right that could be taken away if an individual was not fully dedicated to military training and the Spartan way of life


Correct answer:

a tenuous right that could be taken away if an individual was not fully dedicated to military training and the Spartan way of life


Explanation:

Citizenship in Sparta was generally conferred on all Spartans at birth. It was never extended to helots or foreigners, and even a helot who had earned his freedom could still never become a citizen. Citizenship was, however, a tenuous right in Spartan society. It could be taken away from an individual if he was not fully dedicated to military training, or if he violated the Spartan way of life. Indeed, there were several different ways in which a Spartan man might find himself deemed inadequate and not useful enough to keep his citizenship.


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Example Question #7 : Sparta


Spartan boys __________.


Possible Answers:

were raised to be pious and devout and to resist the temptations of earthly life


lived in a communal barracks for most of their young lives


were valued less than girls due to importance of reproduction and motherhood in Spartan society


none of these answers are accurate


were expected to work the fields and perform manual labor, rather than receive a classical education


Correct answer:

lived in a communal barracks for most of their young lives


Explanation:

Spartan society emphasized martial prowess and military discipline above everything else. Spartan boys were generally taken from their family home at the age of seven. They were then expected to live in a communal barracks for the rest of their young lives. Their life was geared around military training.


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Example Question #2 : Sparta


Who commanded the Spartan fleet at the end of the Peloponnesian war and defeated the Athenian navy at Aegospotami in 405 BCE?


Possible Answers:

Brasidas


Clearchus


Agis


Pausanias


Lysander


Correct answer:

Lysander


Explanation:

Lysander was the most successful Spartan naval commander during the Peloponnesian War. His victories crippled the Athenian"s capabilities to import grain to their city. He eventually destroyed the Athenian fleet, forcing their final surrender.


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Example Question #3 : Sparta


What was an important result of the Battle of Pylos in 425 BCE?


Possible Answers:

All of these


Capture of 120 full-blooded Spartan hoplites


Spartans sue for peace


The myth of Spartan invincibility is broken


An Athenian garrison was established in Messenia


Correct answer:

All of these


Explanation:

During the Battles of Pylos and Sphacteria, 120 full-blooded Spartan hoplites were stranded on a barren island. They were forced to surrender when peace terms were rejected by the Athenians and the Athenians subsequently surrounded them. For the first time, the Spartans were defeated.


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Example Question #10 : Sparta


Spartan society eventually declined during the classical era as a result of __________.


Possible Answers:

the constant invasions of Romans and Carthaginians


agricultural failure throughout Greece in the fourth century


None of these answers are correct; Sparta became more powerful during the late classical era.

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population loss caused by constant warfare


the loss of the Spartan way of life after the Spartan adoption of Athenian culture


Correct answer:

population loss caused by constant warfare


Explanation:

Sparta peaked as a Mediterranean power during the Peloponnesian War with Athens. Within one hundred years, however, Spartan society had declined to the point where it was not even a regional power. The primary reason for this decline was that Sparta had suffered massive population loss from decades of near-constant warfare. There were simply too few Spartan men to keep up the numbers.


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