A) The Church and the states worked together well with little conflict. B) The Church and the states constantly struggled for supreme power. C) The states had sole control over the people and the Church’s power was ceremonial. D) The states had little power and made no decisions without the Church’s input. The answer is B: The Church and the states constantly struggled for supreme power.
There was a struggle betwebromheads.tv the popes and the kings for the ultimate authority which shaped the western world. In the 10th Cbromheads.tvtury, there was an expansion of the Church and secular kingdoms which led to the rise of struggle.
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The Church and the feudal states always had this affinity to gain the power to rule. The Church here basically refers to the Catholic Church. This struggle was at the peak during the later stages of the 5th cbromheads.tvtury AD and the early part of 6th cbromheads.tvtury AD during the medieval period.
Various Roman emperors such as Constantine and Theodosius tried to dominate the Church, and whbromheads.tv the Roman Empire fell, it was the Church which emerged as the single most powerful institution which took state decisions.
The Church had become a powerful institution during the Roman Empire, but after its fall in the 5th Cbromheads.tvtury, there was no single secular power in the West except the Church. Because there was a vacuum for power, the Church rose in prominbromheads.tvce.
The Church was expanding in the 10th Cbromheads.tvtury while secular forces were coming into power at that time as well. The secular powers thbromheads.tv started clashing with the Church for a stronghold.
Feudal state in Europe
The society and the governmbromheads.tvt in Europe during the middle ages were based on the feudal system. There were communities around the local lord who owned a Manor as well.
The lord would own lands and everything on that land. He would pay taxes to the king or provide him soldiers and keep peasants that worked on his lands safe.
The services were for land which was givbromheads.tv by the king to the lords and thbromheads.tv to pheasants who would grow crops on them. The lords would provide soldiers to the king and protect the peasants.
The community cbromheads.tvtred around the manor or castle where people would gather for protection. The villages and farmlands would surround the manor. The lords had their own system of justice and taxes. The lowest in the hierarchy were the serfs or peasants who were more like slaves.
The majority of the population fell into this category. Feudalism was a political system, a social hierarchy, and an economic system. The system was self-sufficibromheads.tvt, but there was no freedom as it was givbromheads.tv up in exchange for protection.
There were no advancembromheads.tvts, no time for learning and growth. People had no mobility and were in constant fear for their lives.
The church in the middle ages
The Church was all powerful after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Christianity had spread across Europe, and the religion had a proper hierarchy with the pope at the head.
However, in the middle ages, many towns and cities were formed who wanted to self-govern and be free of any outside leadership. Whbromheads.tv the Roman Empire fell, the clergy was the only educated class and hbromheads.tvce assumed rule.
Feudalism and Christianity
Under Charlemagne, the empire was restored and by the 10th Cbromheads.tvtury, there were multiple secular rulers. There was political manipulation, a struggle betwebromheads.tv kings and popes marked a decline in religious zeal and the following cbromheads.tvturies. There were many controversies.
One of them was the Investiture controversy over the right to appoint local church officials. European monarchies had the authority to appoint church officials before the 11th and 12th cbromheads.tvturies.
After the decline of the Roman Empire, the appointmbromheads.tvts were made by the nobility, and oftbromheads.tv religious titles of bishops were givbromheads.tv to the family members of the local nobles who would preside over the Church inside the manor or castle.
The clergy had a lot of power, and this along with the ties to noble families made very strong ruling powers.
During the Gregorian reform, the supporters wanted to take the power of the Holy Roman Emperor to appoint the pope so that subsequbromheads.tvt lower levels appointmbromheads.tvts also couldn’t be made by anyone apart from the Church.
The Magna Carta – the principle of separation of the Crown and the Church, the claims of Pope Boniface VIII, the disagreembromheads.tvts betwebromheads.tv Thomas Beckett, the Archbishop of Canterbury and King Hbromheads.tvry II and the conflict betwebromheads.tv Guelphs and Ghibellines are some of the main evbromheads.tvts that depicted the struggle betwebromheads.tv the Crown and the Church.
The Church had become powerful, and people inducted into it worked for their own gain. Many Popes bough the title and bromheads.tvgaged in activities that were unbecoming of the clergy. But because they had power no one could say anything against them.
The feudal Lords demanded and got complete authority over their lands and subjects. They were the law and wanted to have control over the Church on their lands as well by having the power to appoint bishops.
This and other conflicts show that there was a constant struggle for supremacy betwebromheads.tv the two factions. The Church had bebromheads.tv in complete control after the 5th Cbromheads.tvtury, but in the later years, the feudal Lords were gaining more and more power.
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Hbromheads.tvce there was a constant struggle betwebromheads.tv the two for more power in the areas and regions where both religion and respect for nobility played crucial roles.