Author: Edwin Ocran MBChB, MSc•Reviewer: Dimitrios Mytilinaios MD, PhDLast reviewed: September 08, 2021Reading time: 3 minutes
The median cubital vein (antecubital vein) is a influential superficial upper limb vessel. Its ar is in the cubital fossa, on the anterior/flexor element of the elbow joint. This region of the upper limb is sometimes referred to together the antecubital area.
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The typical cubital vein associate the cephalic and basilic veins, which room the two major superficial veins the the top limb. These superficial veins lie within the subcutaneous tissue. They kind anastomoses with the deep veins accompanying the arteries of the upper limb via perforating veins. With each other these veins drainpipe into the axillary vein.
|Drains from||Cephalic vein|
|Tributaries||Median antebrachial vein|
|Drains to||Basilic vein, brachial veins|
|Drainage area||Hand, wrist, forearm|
This write-up will discuss the anatomy and role of the median cubital vein.
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Anatomy and course
The median cubital vein commonly arises together a collateral branch from the cephalic vein which operation on the anterolateral aspect of the top limb. It process superomedially across the roof of the cubital fossa, in ~ the subcutaneous tissue and also empties into the basilic vein top top the anteromedial side of the top limb. The mean cubital vein passes anterior come the bicipital aponeurosis, listed below which lie the brachial artery and also median nerve. The vein likewise courses anterior come the medial and lateral cutaneous nerves the the forearm. Although over there is a considerable amount the variation, the median cubital vein regularly receives the median antebrachial vein as its significant tributary.
Along its course, the typical cubital vein generally gives off a perforating branch, the deep mean vein. This vein penetrates the fascial roof of the cubital fossa come anastomose through a brachial vein, forming a connection in between the superficial and also deep venous solution of the top limb. Similar anastomotic relationships are viewed in other locations of the top limb. The typical cubital vein is a typical site because that venipuncture due to its prominence and relative lull of accessibility.
To learn much more about the veins of the upper limb, discover our articles, quizzes, video tutorials and labelled diagrams.
References:Drake, R., Vogl, W., Mitchell, A. & Gray, H. (2015). Gray"s anatomy for students. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier.Moore, K. L., Dalley, A. F., & Agur, A. M. R. (2014). Clinically Oriented Anatomy (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Netter, F. (2019). Atlas of person Anatomy (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.Standring, S. (2016). Gray"s Anatomy (41tst ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M., Loukas, M., & Bergman, R. A. (2016). Bergman"s comprehensive encyclopedia of human being anatomic variation. Hoboken: Wiley Blackwell.
Illustrations:Median cubital vein (Vena mediana cubiti) - Yousun Koh
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