The san Juan de Salvamento lighthouse is located at the very end that the island of states, in Patagonia of Argentina, in the province of Tierra del Fuego. The is the earliest lighthouse in Argentina and the very first to be constructed in southern waters. It has been nicknamed The Lighthouse in ~ the finish of the World, ~ the novel by Jules Verne the bears the title. The design template of the novel is survive in extreme circumstances, and also the events shown revolves roughly this isolated lighthouse.
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Faro de mountain Juan de Salvamento.
The lighthouse dates ago to 1884, once the southern Atlantic Expeditionary Division, under the command the Commodore Augusto Lasserre, created a marine sub-prefecture, a prison and a rescue station on the island that the states to assist the plenty of shipwrecks that occurred in the about Cape Horn. The lighthouse was set up on a rocky promontory dubbed Cape mountain Juan. Commodore Augusto Lasserre added “de Salvamento” (meaning “rescue”) to the surname of the lighthouse in stimulate to do its purpose clear. The name san Juan de Salvamento prolonged to the surroundings of the cape and in details to the little port that was mounted in an adjoining bay.
The initial lighthouse to be a 16-sided beech lumber house, barely 5 meters high and around 9 meters in diameter. The irradiate was detailed by 8 resolved kerosene lamps that were placed behind a pair of windows whose panes to be fitted through Fresnel lenses. But the location of the lighthouse did not provide an excellent visibility that its beam the light. Return it to be 60 meters high, the light from the oil lamps was also weak, and fog regularly hid the lighthouse. As a result, ships continued to gain wrecked around new Year"s Island and many islets phibìc of the lighthouse.
Faro de san Juan de Salvamento
So in 1901, the Argentine government, in cooperation with the international Organizing board of directors of the Antarctic Expedition, decided to erect the brand-new Year Lighthouse, situated a small further north, on Observatory Island. The new Year Lighthouse was completed in 1902 and Faro de mountain Juan de Salvamento was abandoned after only eight years of operation. Inspired by the lighthouse’s far location, Jules Verne completed the first draft the his novel The Lighthouse in ~ the end of the World in 1901. It was published four years later on after the writer’s death.
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The lighthouse stayed abandoned and also in ruins for virtually a century, until 1994, when French navigator André Bronner who, fascinated by Jules Verne"s novel, collection out in search of the “lighthouse in ~ the finish of the world”. Bronner went back to the island the following year and stayed over there in isolation for 3 months, surviving with rudimentary method in Flinders Bay, the western end of the island. He decided to undertake the project of rebuilding the lighthouse, and also to this end developed the French port of La Rochelle the association of the Lighthouse in ~ the end of the World. He obtained the support of the authorities of Tierra del Fuego and Ushuaia, the Argentine Navy, the French government and several exclusive companies that received the idea through enthusiasm. The project also received financial contribute from the French municipalities the Nantes (Jules Verne"s hometown) and La Rochelle (André Bonner"s ar of residence).
Faro de mountain Juan de Salvamento
The replica lighthouse to be completed in 1998 and also lit for the an initial time ~ above 26 that February that 1998. The wooden building was created in La Rochelle, disassembled, bring away by ship to Ushuaia and then ultimately to the island the the states where it was rebuilt.
In 2000, André Bronner advocated the building and construction of another replica the the original San Juan de Salvamento lighthouse, turn off the coastline of La Rochelle , top top the Atlantic coast of France. Also called the Lighthouse in ~ the end of the World, this lighthouse is built in the sea, ~ above pillars.
Replica of Faro de mountain Juan de Salvamento in La Rochelle. Photo: Wikimedia Commons