IntroductionThe executive branch has grown over time to fulfill the changing needs of the country. In this lesson, you will learn around one component of the executive, management branch: the Cabinet, which additionally are known as the executive, management departments.

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What room the executive departments?There room 15 executive departments that lug out lot of the work of the federal government. Two thirds that the federal government"s civilian workforce is to work by the executive, management departments. A secretary, aided through a deputy secretary, leads every department, other than the room of Justice. The Attorney general leads this department.
The executive, management departments are comprised of smaller sized units dubbed bureaus, offices, services, or divisions. These units bring out the day-to-day job-related of the department. These offices are no all in Washington, D.C. Lock are uncovered throughout the nation wherever they are necessary to offer the people. The department of Agriculture, for example, has actually offices in every state to help farmers and also consumers. The Food and also Nutrition service provides food stamps and also maintains the school lunch program. These programs make food obtainable to those in need.The executive departments to be actually established by Congress over time. The obligations of every department reflect the problems of the period and the problems that the country faced once each department was created.
The departments differ in size. The department of Defense is the largest. It has more than 700,000 civilian employees and more than 1.4 million men and women in uniform. The room of countryside Security, produced in 2002, is the newest.What brand-new departments perform you think will be created in the twenty-first century?
Which smaller sized unit in the executive, management branch provides food stamps and maintains the institution lunch program?
What is the Cabinet?The President has a group of advisors dubbed the Cabinet. The cabinet is not pointed out in the Constitution. That came about to to fill a need and has grown end time. Cabinet members meet with the President together a group to do top-level decisions.The cabinet is consisted of of the top of the 15 executive, management departments. This department heads, or secretaries, room appointed by the President. However, the Senate must grant each appointment. Due to the fact that 1789, the Senate has actually only rejected 12 cabinet nominees of Presidents.
How are Cabinet members chosen?A member the the President"s room must have knowledge and also experience. The Secretary the Agriculture, because that example, may be a farmer or have actually a background in farming. The Secretary of the Treasury should have actually experience in the world of finance.Most the the members of the room come indigenous the President"s party. The president selects members from all across the country. Because that example, the Secretary of agriculture usually originates from the Midwest. Interest groups likewise influence the President"s choices.

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The president considers abilities, experience, race, and also gender in selecting the heads of departments. In the past, Presidents go not take into consideration race, ethnicity, or gender in make selections. It to be not till 1933 that Frances T. Perkins ended up being the very first female room member. She was the Secretary of Labor. Robert C. Weaver to be the first African American appointed come the Cabinet. He was selected by lyndon Johnson in 1966. George W. Bush, invoice Clinton, and also Barack Obama every appointed number of women and people the different cultural backgrounds to your Cabinets.
How does the procedure of choosing Cabinet secretaries reflect checks and balances in the government?

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