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Who Is Vladimir Putin?
In 1999, Russian chairman Boris Yeltsin dismissed his prime minister and promoted former KGB officer Vladimir Putin in his place. In December 1999, Yeltsin resigned, appointing Putin president, and he was re-elected in 2004. In April 2005, he made a historical visit come Israel — the an initial visit over there by any type of Kremlin leader. Putin can not run for the presidency again in 2008, however was appointed element minister by his successor, Dmitry Medvedev. Putin was re-elected come the presidency in march 2012 and also later won a 4th term. In 2014, that was supposedly nominated because that a Nobel peace Prize.
Early Life and Political Career
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin to be born in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), Russia, on October 7, 1952. He thrived up v his family members in a communal apartment, attending the local grammar and also high schools, where he developed an interest in sports. After graduating indigenous Leningrad State University through a law degree in 1975, Putin began his job in the KGB together an intelligence officer. Stationed greatly in east Germany, he hosted that position until 1990, retiring with the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Upon return to Russia, Putin organized an bureaucratic position in ~ the university of Leningrad, and also after the fall of communism in 1991 became an torture to free politician Anatoly Sobchak. When Sobchak was chosen mayor of Leningrad later that year, Putin ended up being his head of outside relations, and by 1994, Putin had come to be Sobchak's an initial deputy mayor.
After Sobchak's defeat in 1996, Putin resigned his post and moved come Moscow. There, in 1998, Putin was appointed deputy head of management under Boris Yeltsin's presidential administration. In that position, he was in charge that the Kremlin's connections with the regional governments.
Shortly afterward, Putin to be appointed head the the Federal security Service, an eight of the previous KGB, and also head the Yeltsin's protection Council. In august 1999, Yeltsin dismissed his prime minister, Sergey Stapashin, in addition to his cabinet, and promoted Putin in his place.
President that Russia: first and second Terms
In December 1999, Boris Yeltsin resigned as president the Russia and appointed Putin exhilaration president until main elections to be held, and also in march 2000, Putin was elected to his very first term through 53 percent the the vote. Promising both political and also economic reforms, Putin set about restructuring the government and also launching criminal investigations right into the business dealings the high-profile Russian citizens. He also continued Russia's military campaign in Chechnya.
In September 2001, in response to the terrorist strikes on the united States, Putin announced Russia's assistance for the United claims in its anti-terror campaign. However, once the united States' "war on terror" shifted focus to the ousting of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, Putin join German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder and also French president Jacques Chirac in the opposite of the plan.
In 2004, Putin to be re-elected to the presidency, and also in April the the following year do a historic visit come Israel for talks v Prime Minister Ariel Sharon — noting the first visit come Israel by any kind of Kremlin leader.
Due to constitution term limits, Putin was prevented from running for the presidency in 2008. (That exact same year, presidential state in Russia were extended from four to six years.) However, as soon as his protégé Dmitry Medvedev succeeded him together president in in march 2008, he immediately appointed Putin as Russia's element minister, enabling Putin to keep a major position of affect for the next 4 years.
Third Term together President
On march 4, 2012, Vladimir Putin to be re-elected to his third term as president. After prevalent protests and also allegations of electoral fraud, he to be inaugurated on may 7, 2012, and also shortly after acquisition office appointed Medvedev as prime minister. Once more at the helm, Putin has continued to make controversial alters to Russia's domestic affairs and also foreign policy.
In December 2012, Putin signed into a legislation a half on the U.S. Fostering of Russian children. According to Putin, the legislation—which took result on January 1, 2013 — aimed to do it much easier for Russians to embrace native orphans. However, the fostering ban spurred international controversy, reportedly leaving practically 50 Russian children — that were in the final phases of adoption with U.S. Citizens at the time that Putin signed the legislation — in legal limbo.
Putin more strained relationships with the United says the following year once he granted asylum come Edward Snowden, who is want by the United says for leaking classified details from the national Security Agency. In solution to Putin's actions, U.S. President Barack Obama canceled a to plan meeting v Putin that August.
Around this time, Putin also upset many civilization with his brand-new anti-gay laws. The made that illegal for happy couples to take on in Russia and also placed a ban on propagandizing "nontraditional" sexual relationships come minors. The regulation led to widespread global protest.
Chemical tools in Syria
In September 2013, tensions rose between the unified States and Syria end Syria's possession of chemistry weapons, with the U.S. Threaten military action if the weapons were not relinquished. The immediate dilemm was averted, however, when the Russian and also U.S. Governments brokered a deal whereby those tools would be destroyed.
On September 11, 2013, The new York time published an op-ed item by Putin title "A Plea for Caution native Russia." In the article, Putin spoke directly to the U.S.'s position in taking action against Syria, stating the such a unilateral relocate could result in the escalation that violence and also unrest in the center East.
Putin further asserted that the U.S. Insurance claim that Bashar al-Assad offered the chemical weapons on civilians could be misplaced, through the an ext likely explanation being the unauthorized use of the tools by Syrian rebels. The closed the item by welcome the continuation of an open up dialogue in between the associated nations to protect against further dispute in the region.
2014 Winter Olympics
In 2014, Russia organized the Winter Olympics, i m sorry were hosted in Sochi beginning on February 6. Follow to NBS Sports, Russia spent about $50 billion in preparation for the global event.
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However, in solution to what numerous perceived together Russia's freshly passed anti-gay legislation, the threat of international boycotts arose. In October 2013, Putin tried come allay some of these concerns, saying in one interview transfer on Russian tv that "We will do everything to make sure that athletes, fans and guests feel comfortable at the Olympic games regardless of their ethnicity, race or sexual orientation."
In terms of protection for the event, Putin implemented new measures aimed at cracking under on Muslim extremists, and also in November 2013 reports surfaced that saliva samples had been collected from some Muslim ladies in the phibìc Caucasus region. The samples to be ostensibly come be offered to gather DNA profiles, in an initiative to combat female self-destruction bombers well-known as "black widows."
Invasion into Crimea
Shortly ~ the conclusion of the 2014 Winter Olympics, amidst widespread political unrest in Ukraine, which caused the ousting of president Viktor Yanukovych, Putin sent Russian troops right into Crimea, a peninsula in the country's northeast shore of the black color Sea. The peninsula had been part of Russia till Nikita Khrushchev, former Premier that the Soviet Union, gave it to Ukraine in 1954.
Ukraine's ambassador to the joined Nations, Yuriy Sergeyev, claimed that approximately 16,000 troops invaded the territory, and also Russia's actions recorded the attention of several European countries and the joined States, who refused to expropriate the legitimacy the a referendum in which the bulk of the Crimean population voted to secede from Ukraine and reunite with Russia.
Putin protected his actions, insisting the the troops sent into Ukraine were only meant to enhance Russia's army defenses within the nation — introduce to Russia's black color Sea Fleet, which has its headquarters in Crimea. He also vehemently refuse accusations by other nations, specifically the unified States, that Russia plan to engage Ukraine in war.