Beverley Byer has been writing professionally for a variety of years. Her work has actually been released in magazines and also newspapers.

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Freemasons harken back to the stonemason guilds the the middle Ages, maybe also beyond. Through the 18th century, they had morphed right into a fraternal network of cult-like sub-organizations, which spread out throughout Europe like a roaring fire.

The very first Grand Lodge (governing body) was established in England in 1717. The culture eventually got to the Americas and also established their first United states Grand Lodge in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1730.


Freemasons are well-known for their secrecy, but they’re likewise known because that loyalty, rituals, degrees, ranks, philanthropic works, education, service networking, and social activities. These features may be what attractive the presidents who sought membership right into this to exclude, entity.

Here’s a list of our critical ten Freemason presidents, starting with the most recent.


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1. Gerald R (Rudolph) Ford

Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr., 38th president of the United states from 1974 come 1977, to be initiated entered Apprentice (first degree) at the Malta Lodge No. 465 in cool Rapids, Michigan on September 30, 1949. He received the Fellowcraft and also Master Mason (highest degree) from the Columbia Lodge No. 3 in Washington, D.C. In 1951. Other degrees and posts bestowed top top him include Sovereign cool Inspector General, 33rd degree and Honorary member, supreme Council A. A. S. R. Northern Jurisdiction in 1962; active Member and Honorary Grand understand of the international Supreme Council bespeak of the DeMolay indigenous 1975 come 1977; and Past Honorary Grand grasp in 1978.


Gerald Ford, who birth surname was Leslie Lynch King Jr., came to be president the the U. S. Complying with President Richard Nixon’s resignation in 1974. A football star in ~ the college of Michigan, Ford opted to study law at Yale fairly than accept provides to play professionally because that the Detroit Lions and also the eco-friendly Bay Packers.


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2. Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman, 33rd president of the U. S. From 1945 to 1953, was initiated entered Apprentice at the Belton Lodge No. 450 in Grandview, Missouri ~ above February 9, 1909. Conferred master Mason later that year, Truman continued to be an extremely active in the fraternity, even during his presidency. The was also a Ritualist, ar lecturer, deputy grand Master, and also like president Ford, the Honorary Grand understand of the international Supreme Council, stimulate of DeMolay. In 1945, he obtained the 33rd degree Sovereign grand Inspector General and also Honorary Member supreme Council, accepting the Scottish Rite Mason southerly Jurisdiction in Washington, D.C.

Unable to decide which of his grandfathers he have to be called after, president Truman’s parents offered him the center name letter ‘S.’ that was elevated on a farm and once owned an not successful hat shop. He’s credited v dropping the atomic bomb on Japan, beginning the Cold War through Soviet Union/ Russia, including the U.S. In the oriental War, and banning racism in the federal Government. Chairman Truman was buried with Masonic rites.


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3. Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd chairman of the U. S. Native 1933 come 1945, was initiated entered Apprentice top top October 11, 1911, in the Holland Lodge No. 8 in brand-new York City. A staunch member, Roosevelt was conferred a number of degrees and also positions over the years, consisting of the ancient Accepted Scottish Rite in Albany Consistory in 1929; Shriner in the old Arabic Order noble of the Mystic Shrine in 1930; Prophet at sight in Tri-Po-Bed Grotto; Mystic order Veiled Prophets that the Enchanted kingdom in Poughkeepsie, brand-new York in 1931; Honorary Grand understand of Georgia; and also the Honorary Grand grasp of the bespeak of DeMolay in 1934.

FDR, as he was regularly called, was the just child that a wealthy family. He to be educated through tutors until period 14 then attended a Massachusetts prep institution for boys. A Harvard college alumnus, FDR was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity and graduated in three years. In 1921, he arisen polio which preserved him in a wheelchair except when he faced the public. Then he relied top top braces. Roosevelt likewise belonged to the Independent bespeak of weird Fellows, another an enig society.


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4. Warren G (Gamaliel) Harding

Warren G (Gamaliel) Harding, the 29th president of the U. S. Native 1921 to 1923, was initiated gone into Apprentice top top June 28, 1901, in Marion Lodge No. 70, Marion, Ohio. Harding didn’t receive extr degrees till years later.

Some say it was as result of rumors that him having actually African American ancestry, which would’ve prohibited that from being a lodge member. Others believe it had to execute with his politics ambition. Nonetheless, Harding obtained the Fellowcraft and also Master Mason levels in 1920. The next year he received the imperial Arch thing in Marion thing No. 62; items Templar in Marion Commandery No. 36; and also the Scottish Rite and Shrine.

Harding was chosen president ~ above his birthday and served 3 years prior to dying that a love attack. The son of doctors, he attended Ohio main College at age 14. ~ graduating, he taught school, sold insurance, and co-owned the Marion everyday Star newspaper. Encumbered by however another rumor, this one was that he and also his wife violated the Prohibition regulation by offer alcohol at your garden parties. Chairman Harding belonged to 2 additional mystery fraternities: The Independent bespeak of weird Fellows and the global Concatenated bespeak of Hoo-Hoo.


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5. Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the U. S. Indigenous 1901 to 1909, got his gone into Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and also Master Mason degrees in the Matinecock Lodge No. 806, Oyster Bay, new York in the first year the his presidency. He was quite energetic and supportive of the Brotherhood, constantly making time to visit area lodges in his travels.

Nicknamed Teddy, president Roosevelt was homeschooled because of sickness however graduated magna cum laude from Harvard university in 1880. That went ~ above to research at Columbia law School prior to switching to politics. When his mother and also wife died on the exact same day, Roosevelt relocated to the Dakotas and also became a cowboy and also a livestock rancher. He reverted to brand-new York and also politics 2 years later.

The youngest person ever before to end up being a U.S. President (so far), he to be awarded the Nobel tranquility Prize in 1906 for negotiating the treaty to the finish of the Russo (Russian)-Japanese War. Roosevelt to be the an initial president to entertain an african American, Booker T. Washington, in ~ the White House. He also was a member the the global Concatenated stimulate of Hoo-Hoo.


6. Wilhelm McKinley

William McKinley, the 25th president of the U.S. Indigenous 1897 to 1901, to be initiated into freemasonry throughout the civil War. He to be conferred the entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason levels in 1865 in Hiram Lodge No. 21in Winchester, Virginia, no Lodge No. 10 in West Virginia as is occasionally noted. He was likewise associated through the Canton Lodge No. 6 and Eagle Lodge No. 431 in Canton, Ohio. The latter lodge to be renamed for him. McKinley received several degrees, consisting of most Sublime level of imperial Arch Mason in 1883; Illustrious order of Red cross in 1884; items Templar and also Knight the Malta in in 1884 in Canton Commandery.


McKinley attended Allegheny college in Pennsylvania then ended up being a county schoolteacher. Publicly sympathy because that the fatality of his mother, his 2 daughters, and caring because that his sick mam won that a chair in the residence of to represent in 1876. In 1896, he won the presidency. A year later, he to be assassinated if attending a Pan American Exposition. President McKinley was likewise a member of the Independent bespeak of odd Fellows.


7. James Abram Garfield

James Abram Garfield, the 20th chairman of the U.S. From March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881, to be initiated gotten in Apprentice and also Fellowcraft in the Magnolia Lodge No. 20 and Master Mason in Columbus Lodge No. 30 in Columbus, Ohio in 1864. That was likewise affiliated with Garrettsville Lodge No. 246. In 1866, he was exalted Columbus imperial Arch Chapter and Knight Templar. He to be a charter member the Pentalpha Lodge No. 23 in Washington, D.C. In 1869 and also bestowed the 14th degree Scottish Rite in 1872.

Garfield was one of seven U.S. Presidents born in a log cabin. Increased on a bad Ohio farm, he had actually a knack for languages. The attended western Reserve Eclectic Institute/ Hiram College, climate Williams College.

After graduating, he returned to the previous to teach and also was supported college president. He later studied law. Garfield provided his field of expertise in language to project for presidency before various audiences. He was assassinated in ~ a few months of assuming the office. That was additionally a supporter of Civil rights reform.


8. Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson, the 17th president of the U.S. From 1808 to 1869, to be initiated entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason in ~ Greenville Lodge No. 3 (No. 119 in ~ the time) in Greenville, Tennessee in 1851. He could have also been a member of Greenville thing No. 82 royal Arch Masons because he joined the Nashville York Rite Commandery that Knights Templar No. 1 in 1859. He was conferred the Scottish Rite levels at the White home in 1867 and was the very first president come be received in this rite.


Another of the 7 presidents born in a log cabin, Johnson thrived up poor. He lost his bear father at the period of three and as a teen, his stepdad apprenticed him and also his brother to tailoring. Disliking the profession, they ran away but later returned and also moved through the household to Tennessee.

Surprisingly, Johnson ended up being a effective tailor whose shop may have been the catalyst because that his entry right into politics. It was a hub because that political discussions. He sustained the brand-new state constitution, which contained the “disenfranchisement” of complimentary blacks after the 1831 Nat Turner Rebellion. Once Lincoln to be assassinated in 1865, Johnson then vice president, suspect the presidency.


9. James Buchanan

James Buchanan, the 15th president of the U.S. Indigenous 1857 come 1861, to be initiated gone into Apprentice in ~ Lancaster Lodge No. 43 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1816, and also Fellowcraft and also Master Mason in 1817. That was also Junior Warden indigenous 1821 come 1822 and the Worshipful master in 1825. Buchanan was later exalted in the imperial Arch chapter No. 43 and became the Deputy Grand grasp of Pennsylvania’s cool Lodge in 1826.


Buchanan, whose parents were wealthy, learned at Old stone Academy and also Dickenson College. Though almost suspended because that misbehaving, he managed to graduate in 1809 and also was admitted to the bar in 1812. He enlisted to get involved in the battle that same year.

Two years later he gotten in politics and was chosen to state house of Representatives as a Federalist Party member. James Buchanan believed that slave ownership need to be chose by individual states and also territories and also not by the federal government. The just bachelor chairman in U.S. History, his niece offered as first Lady.


10. James Knox Polk

James Knox Polk, the 11th chairman of the U.S. Indigenous 1845 to 1849, was initiated gone into Apprentice in Columbia Lodge No. 31 in Columbia, Tennessee in 1820. He was licensed come practice law in the very same year. In 1825, Polk was exalted royal Arch Mason in La Fayette chapter No. 4 at Columbia.

Polk flourished up in a wealthy family members on a Tennessee farm. Though sickly, he managed to attend school and also graduate v honors native the college of phibìc Carolina in 1818. He was admitted to the Tennessee bar in 1820. To please his wife, he gone into politics and also became speak of the U.S. Residence of to represent from 1835 to 1839.


As president, Polk helped lay the cornerstone because that the Smithsonian institute in Washington, D.C., obtained quite a lot of land in the Southwest and also along the Pacific coast: Texas, new Mexico, California, Oregon, U.S.-Canadian border.

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This content mirrors the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and also should no be substituted for impartial reality or advice in legal, political, or an individual matters.

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Comments

Beverley Byer (author) indigenous United states of America top top April 08, 2019:

Thanks for enjoying & learning!

Dora Weithers native The Caribbean on April 07, 2019:

Thanks for sharing this historic information. Didn't realize that the presidents were so involved. Many thanks for point out the an excellent that every one did.