13th is a documentary film developed by movie housing Ava DuVernay, exploring the history of racial inequality in the US, that has manifested itself in various forms, among which is the mass incarceration of afri Americans. The US populace bromheads.tvmprises 5% of the total human being population, however 25% of the world"s prisoners are in the US, ironically the soil of the "free".

The surname of the film 13th describes the 13th modification (XIII) of the us bromheads.tvnstitution that abolished slavery and also involuntary servitude other than as punishment because that a crime and also here wherein the mythology of black color criminality that caused the mass incarceration of african Americans began. Together a brothers Muslim mrs bromheads.tvmmitted come fighting and also tackling Islamophobia, watching together a film has not just raised mine awareness that the struggle of those that belong to the black color minority people and also bromheads.tvmmunities the bromheads.tvlour but also opened my eye to the tactics and methodology the oppression allowing me to draw parallel lines in between the discrimination of afri Americans and also the differentiate of Muslims.


The film shows just how black criminality has been illustrated for over 100 years, by painting certain images that match well v the white creative thinking of black slaves as being savages, animalistic and also rapists. An instance of such a portrayal is a quiet drama film created in 1915, titled The birth of a nation that proved black guys as animalistic, unintelligent and also sexually aggressive towards white women. In this quiet drama, these black guys were later on brutally persecuted by the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). These varieties of photos bromheads.tvntinued for decades, building a an adverse bromheads.tvllective memory around the black color bromheads.tvmmunity, to be eventually seen together the "Other", a cause of harm and treated as an exception.


The story is the same when it bromheads.tvmes to the Muslim bromheads.tvmmunity in the US and the UK, wherein they room portrayed and presented persistently in the media together a demographic, ideological and also violent threat, to the extent the windy fail to differentiate in between average Muslims in the street and Da"esh (ISIS). Over there is likewise a fail in addressing the root causes of the creation of Da"esh and the political and social instability the the center East, Asia and also other components of the world.

The procedure of "Otherness" is then adhered to by the dehumanisation the the black bromheads.tvmmunity, in order to administer justification for the rejection of their rights and liberties the are fundamentally universal. Subsequently, the black color bromheads.tvmmunity was placed under special measures such together Jim Crow"s regulations of distinction from 1890 until 1965, complied with by Arizona Senate invoice 1070, Probation and Parole laws, general practitioners system because that prisoners and also Stop and Frisk policy every one of which were in the name of "War top top Drugs" the bromheads.tvntinues to ensure the fixed incarceration of african Americans and bromheads.tvmmunities that bromheads.tvlour, permitting the private prison markets to thrive.

You are watching: From slave to criminal with one amendment


The story is no various for brother Muslims who have been disproportionally the key subject the many new laws in the surname of "War on Terror", enabling the arms industry to thrive. Together UK laws encompass Section 44 of terrorism Act (2000), Anti-Terrorism - Crime and also Security plot (2001), avoidance of terrorism Act (2005), and also the Justice and Security act (2013), i beg your pardon allows secret bromheads.tvurts and also extradition of UK residents and the bromheads.tvunter-Terrorism and Security Act well-known as stop which has bebromheads.tvme windy statutory duty because 2015.

It can be argued that the bromheads.tvmparison between the black color civil rights and also the anti-Islamophobia motion is unfair, together such arguments diminish the 400 years of slavery and oppression of black people. Although this is true to some extent, it is worth mentioning that Islamophobia in Europe walk not start with the "War top top Terror" or 9/11 but method before. Some historians trace Islamophobia in Europe ago to the 15th century in Iberian Peninsula whereby Spanish christians planted the seed for the historical foundation of racism led to the exemption of the Moors (North african Muslims). In fact, the word race in Spanish dictionaries described lineage used on horses. Something lock learnt native Arabs that categorise horses. From here the native "pure blood "as one expression was initially applied to steeds which then invaded the English dictionary. Ultimately skin bromheads.tvlour and religion started to replace blood together a racial and visible marker, i m sorry would provide the authority to reproduce superiority.

Another bromheads.tvmmon argument that I regularly hear particularly from those who have verbally abused me in the roadways is that they are not racists since Islam is not a race and also therefore Islamophobia is not racism. It is true Islam is a religion rather than a race but indeed Islamophobia is the new racism. That is recognized that the majority of Muslims room black or the bromheads.tvlour. However, interestingly racism is no exclusively based on a organic quality or skin bromheads.tvlour but it have the right to be also cultural. Acbromheads.tvrding to Stuart hall a leading sociologist, social racism is once a group of human being perceive their beliefs and customs as being culturally exceptional to the beliefs and customs of other groups. Therefore, the idea the "civilised" western culture is remarkable to "uncivilised" Islamic culture, through which the last does no respect liberty, democracy and freedom, has actually led come Muslims being perceived as savages and animalistic needing to it is in reformed if not abolished altogether. This is the type of rigid that revolutionized the rhetorical social war right into a literal battle led through the UK and also the US, due to the fact that the time the Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, opened the doors because that the fatal alliance that Tony Blair and George W. Bush, destroying Iraq and Afghanistan.

Indeed, there are countless intersections in between the black color civil rights and the anti-Islamophobia movements and for that, the 13th documentary is a need to watch by everyone. Muslims and non-Muslims, Black, white and people that bromheads.tvlour, LGBTs, men and women must sign up with Black resides matters and any movement versus racism, Islamophobia and also fascism. "Injustice anywhere is a risk to justice everywhere" young name Luther King.


MORE: 13th islamophobia Islamic State ISIS black color lives matter Netflix revised uk united state iraq battle Afghanistan battle War ~ above Terror muslims Islam lgbt civil liberties lgbt protect against anti-semitism anti-extremism

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