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https://quizlet.com/31023011/ap-psy-chapter-9-part-2-flash-cards/ The procedure of encoding advert to: a. The persistence of finding out over time. B. The recall of details previously learned. C. Getting information right into memory. D. The encouraged forgetting of painful memories. E. A clear memory of an emotionally significant event. C. Acquiring information into memory. Warehouse is to encoding together ________ is to ________. A. Recognition; remind b. Imagery; mnemonics c. Rehearsal; retrieval d. Retention; acquisition e. Priming; relearning d. Retention; salvation The procedure of gaining information out of storage storage is called: a. Priming. B. Encoding. C. Relearning. D. Retrieval. E. Rehearsal. D. Retrieval. Your consciously caused but restricted capacity memory is dubbed ________ memory. A. Momentary b. Latent c. Mood-congruent d. Clearly e. Automatically a. Short-term The three-stage processing model argues that we register info in ________ before it is ________ into short-term memory. A. Sensory; recall b. Long-term; re-cover c. Sensory; encoded d. Long-term; encoded c. Sensory; encoded A flashbulb storage would frequently be stored in ________ memory. A. Top b. Implicitly c. Short-lived d. State-dependent e. Long-terme. Long-term The integration of brand-new incoming information with knowledge retrieved from permanent storage involves what is well-known as: a. Automatic processing. B. Implicitly memory. C. Semantic encoding. D. Permanent potentiation. E. Working memory. E. Working memory. Automatic and effortful processing involve two varieties of: a. Encoding. B. Retrieval. C. Interference. D. Storage. E. Repression. A. Encoding. Automatic processing occurs without: a. Intuitive imagery. B. Semantic encoding. C. Aware awareness. D. Sensory memory. C. Conscious awareness. Our capability to do two or more complicated encoding tasks simultaneously finest illustrates the value of: a. Resource amnesia. B. Flashbulb memory. C. State-dependent memory. D. Automatically processing. E. The spacing effect. D. Automatically processing. During her psychology test, Marsha might not remember the definition of the term "proactive interference." Surprisingly, however, she correctly remembered that the term showed up on the fourth line the a left hand page in she textbook. Her storage of this incidental info is finest explained in state of: a. Automatic processing. B. The serial place effect. C. The spacing effect. D. The method of loci. E. The next-in-line effect. A. Automatic processing. The effortful handling of information: a. Typically interferes through the volume to think creatively. B. Cannot quickly be suppressed and inhibited.c. Can end up being automatic through practice. D. Occurs less frequently amongst adults than children. C. Can end up being automatic v practice. The conscious repetition of info in order to preserve it in storage is called: a. Automatic processing. B. Rehearsal. C. Priming. D. Chunking. B. Rehearsal. In an effort to remember exactly how to spell "rhinoceros," Sheryl writes the word 30 times. She is using a an approach known as: a. Priming. B. Rehearsal. C. The "peg-word" system. D. Chunking. E. The method of loci. B. Rehearsal. Priming is to retrieval as rehearsal is to: a. Encoding. B. Chunking. C. Imagery. D. Repression. E. Automatically processing. A. Encoding. Ebbinghaus"s usage of rash syllables to research memory resulted in the exploration that: a. The amount remembered counts on the time spent learning. B. What is learned in one atmosphere is most quickly retrieved in that same mood. C. Info that is immediately processed is hardly ever forgotten. D. Ours sensory memory volume is basically unlimited. A. The amount remembered counts on the time spent learning. Automatically after participants in ~ a company seminar take it turns presenting themselves, ann remembered everybody"s name except for the person who presented himself just before she did. This ideal illustrates the memory is influenced by: a. The spacing effect. B. Irreversible potentiation. C. The serial position effect. D. Retrieval failure. E. Rehearsal. E. Rehearsal. Our i can not qualify to remember info presented in the secs just before we autumn asleep is most most likely due to:a. Encouraged forgetting. B. The misinformation effect. C. Retroactive interference. D. Encoding failure. E. Long-term potentiation. D. Encoding failure. Kathy performs far better on foreign language vocabulary test if she research studies the material 15 minutes every day because that 8 days than if she crams because that 2 hrs the night before the test. This illustrates what is recognized as: a. The spacing effect. B. The serial position effect. C. Mood-congruent memory. D. Chunking. E. Automatic processing. A. The spacing effect. Students who restudy course product in bespeak to happen a an extensive examination are particularly likely to demonstrate long-term retention that the food material. This best illustrates: a. Latent memory. B. The serial position effect. C. The an approach of loci. D. The spacing effect. E. Chunking. D. The spacing effect. The propensity to automatically recall the first and last items in a list much better than the middle items is well-known as the ________ effect. A. Serial position b. Misinformation c. Next-in-line d. Priming e. Spacing a. Serial position One job after Usha hears her mother"s perform of 12 grocery items, Usha is most likely to remember the item ________ of the list. A. In ~ the beginning and end b. In ~ the finish c. At the beginning d. In the center c. In ~ the start The work after Jean was presented to thirteen world at a business luncheon, she might recall the surname of only the first four civilization to whom she had actually been introduced. Her efficient recall that these particular names ideal illustrates the services of: a. Automatically processing.b. The next-in-line effect. C. Rehearsal. D. Flashbulb memory. E. The method of loci. C. Rehearsal. The fact that ours preconceived principles contribute come our capacity to process new information finest illustrates the importance of: a. The serial place effect. B. Semantic encoding. C. Retroactive interference. D. Above memory. E. Repression. B. Semantic encoding. Semantic encoding describes the processing of: a. Sounds. B. Meanings. C. Visual images. D. Unfamiliar units. B. Meanings. When civilization are asked to recall a perform of words castle had earlier memorized, they often substitute synonyms for several of the indigenous on the initial list. This finest illustrates the impacts of: a. Automatic processing. B. Resource amnesia. C. Semantic encoding. D. Memory decay. E. State-dependent memory. C. Semantic encoding. Exceptional memory because that rap lyrics that encompass the many rhymes best illustrates the value of: a. The next-in-line effect. B. The spacing effect. C. Mood-congruent memory. D. The serial place effect. E. Acoustic encoding. E. Acoustic encoding. Craik and Tulving experimentally demonstrated that people effectively remember see a particular word after they decide whether that word fits into an incomplete sentence. This study highlighted the performance of: a. The an approach of loci. B. The "peg word" system. C. Automatically processing. D. Semantic encoding. E. The next-in-line effect.d. Semantic encoding. Youngsters can far better remember an old Latin city if the definition of each unfamiliar Latin indigenous is very closely explained to them. This finest illustrates the value of: a. Iconic memory. B. Semantic encoding. C. The an approach of loci. D. Automatically processing. E. The "peg word" system. B. Semantic encoding. In order to remember the info presented in her psychology textbook, Susan frequently relates it come her very own life experiences. Susan"s strategy is an effective memory help because it facilitates: a. Top memory. B. Semantic encoding. C. Automatic processing. D. Proactive interference. E. The serial position effect. B. Semantic encoding. Which of the adhering to questions around the word depression would finest prepare you to effectively remember tomorrow that you had actually seen the word on today"s test? a. Just how well go the word explain you? b. Does words consist that ten letters? c. Is the word written in capital letters? d. Does the word rhyme v obsessed? a. Exactly how well does the word explain you? we are much more likely come remember the words "typewriter, cigarette, and fire" 보다 the indigenous "void, process, and inherent." This ideal illustrates the worth of: a. Long-term potentiation. B. Flashbulb memory. C. Visual encoding. D. Iconic memory. C. Intuitive encoding. Elaine recalls critical year"s Paris vacation much more positively than she evaluate it when it occurred. This ideal illustrates: a. The self-reference effect. B. Source amnesia. C. Proactive interference. D. Rose retrospection. E. The spacing effect. D. Rosy retrospection.A mnemonic machine is a: a. Mental picture. B. Check or measure of memory. C. Technique for encoding language sounds. D. Storage aid. E. Word, event, or ar that root cause a storage of the past. D. Storage aid. George has actually learned the sentence "My an extremely Earnest Mother just Showed us Nine Planets" as a way to mental the names of the ripe planets. This illustrates the usage of: a. The an approach of loci. B. Mnemonics. C. The spacing effect. D. The "peg word" system. E. Automatic processing. B. Mnemonics. As an assist to memorizing lengthy speeches, old Greek orators would visualize themselves moving through acquainted locations. They were making use of: a. The serial position effect. B. The next-in-line effect. C. Latent memory. D. The technique of loci. E. The spacing effect. D. The an approach of loci. Acronyms room to chunking together the an approach of loci is to: a. Imagery. B. Rehearsal. C. Acoustic encoding. D. Automatically processing. E. The "peg-word" system. A. Imagery. The an approach of loci is come imagery together acronyms are to: a. Priming. B. Rehearsal. C. Chunking. D. The "peg-word" system. C. Chunking. Chunking advert to: a. Gaining information into memory v the usage of visual imagery. B. The effortless processing of familiar information to gain it right into long term memory storage. C. The merged use that automatic and also effortful handling to ensure theretention that unfamiliar information. D. The company of information into meaningful units. D. The company of details into systematic units. Chess masters have the right to recall the precise positions of most pieces ~ a quick glance in ~ the game board. This capacity is finest explained in state of: a. Flashbulb memory. B. Chunking. C. Above memory. D. The serial position effect. E. The an approach of loci. B. Chunking. In order come remember come buy sugar, ham, oranges, and also potatoes the following time that goes grocery shopping, Nabil forms the indigenous "shop" through the an initial letter of every item. The is using a memory help known as: a. Chunking. B. The spacing effect. C. The serial place effect. D. The method of loci. E. The next-in-line effect. A. Chunking. Helen checked out the save for furniture polish, carrots, pencils, ham, sponges, celery, notebook paper, and salami. She remembered to buy every these item by recall herself that she essential food products that had meats and also vegetables and that she necessary nonfood assets that consisted of school supplies and cleaning aids. Helen made efficient use of: a. The spacing effect. B. Hierarchical organization. C. Automatically processing. D. The "peg word" system. E. The technique of loci. B. Ordered organization. Once Sperling visually presented three rows of 3 letters each for just 1/20th that a second, speculative participants: a. Recalled only half the letters due to the fact that they had actually insufficient time to see every one of them. B. Recalled only about seven of the letters as result of memory warehouse limitations. C. Had actually a temporary photographic storage of every nine letters. D. Recalled every the letter in any particular row when provided a unique recall signal several seconds after the letters had disappeared. C. Had actually a momentary photographic memory of all nine letters. A temporary sensory memory of visual stimuli is referred to as ________ memory. A. Echoicb. Implicit c. Iconic d. Flashbulb c. Top The deal with for obtaining ticket to a popular quiz present flashes top top the TV screen, but the image disappears prior to Sergei has had actually a chance to create down the finish address. To his surprise, however, he has actually retained a short-lived mental image of the 5 digit zip code. His experience best illustrates ________ memory. A. Top b. Flashbulb c. Implicitly d. Echoic e. State dependence a. Iconic Explicit storage is to permanent memory together iconic storage is come ________ memory. A. Sensory b. Momentary c. Flashbulb d. Implicit e. State-dependent a. Sensory Echoic memory refers to: a. The encoded meanings of words and events in lengthy term memory. B. A vivid memory of one emotionally far-reaching event. C. The automatically retention that incidental information around the timing and frequency the events. D. A short-lived sensory memory of auditory stimuli. D. A momentary sensory memory of listening stimuli. For a moment after listening his dog"s high pitched bark, Mr. Silvers has a vivid hear impression that the dog"s yelp. His endure most clearly illustrates ________ memory. A. Quick term b. Iconic c. Mood-congruent d. Implicitly e. Echoic e. Echoic Peterson and Peterson demonstrated that unrehearsed short-term memories for three consonants almost totally decay in as brief a time as: a. 1 second. B. 12 seconds.c. 1 minute. D. 12 minutes. E. 1 hour. B. 12 seconds. After gift asked come remember 3 consonants, subjects in a research by Peterson and Peterson counted aloud backward by threes in order to prevent: a. Resource amnesia. B. Retroactive interference. C. Proactive interference. D. Encoding failure. E. Rehearsal. E. Rehearsal. "The magical number seven, add to or minus two" refers to the storage volume of ________ memory. A. Temporary b. Clearly c. Flashbulb d. Latent e. Sensory a. Short-lived Short-term storage is slightly better: a. For random digits than for arbitrarily letters. B. Because that visual information than because that auditory information. C. In youngsters than in adults. D. In females 보다 in males. A. For random digits 보다 for arbitrarily letters. Which type of memory has an essentially unlimited storage capacity? a. Echoic memory b. Short-term memory c. Lengthy term memory d. State dependent memory c. Lengthy term storage Walter Penfield observed that electrical stimulation that the brain of wideawake patients sometimes led them come report vivid recollections. Penfield wrongly assumed that: a. His patients were inventing false memories. B. The brain"s complete storage capacity is an extremely limited. C. The brain"s physical memory trace decays progressively over time. D. Whatever we discover is permanently stored in the brain. D. Whatever we discover is permanently stored in the brain. After ~ hamsters learned even if it is to turn ideal or left in a maze in stimulate to discover food, their body temperature to be lowered until the electrical task in their brains ceased. As soon as the hamsters to be revived, they quiet rememberedwhat they had actually learned before the "blackout." The hamsters" directional storage was supposedly a(n) ________ memory. A. Sensory b. Repressed c. State-dependent d. Permanent e. Implicit d. Irreversible Research by Kandel and also Schwartz ~ above sea snails indicates that memory formation is associated with the: a. Framework of DNA molecules. B. Release of details neurotransmitters. C. Task level of the hippocampus. D. Advance of the cerebellum. B. Relax of particular neurotransmitters. Permanent potentiation is a(n): a. Removed of anxiety-producing thoughts from aware awareness. B. Disruptive impact of prior learning on recall of brand-new information. C. Process of getting information the end of memory storage. D. Neural basis because that memory. D. Neural basis because that memory. Happen an electric present through the brain during electroconvulsive therapy is most likely to disrupt ________ memory. A. Latent b. Mood-congruent c. Short term d. Flashbulb c. Quick term which of the following substances is most most likely to impair the development of long-term memories? a. Alcohol b. Epinephrine c. Acetylcholine d. Serotonin a. Alcohol The temporary release of anxiety hormones right into the bloodstream facilitates: a. Repression. B. Resource amnesia. C. Retroactive interference. D. Permanent potentiation. D. Long-term potentiation. I m sorry of the following substances is most most likely to facilitate the formation of new memories? a. Alcohol, which frequently makes people feel relaxed and also uninhibitedb. Valium, a prescription medicine that reduces tension and anxiety c. Marijuana, which periodically produces feeling of euphoria d. Epinephrine, a physically and also emotionally arousing hormone d. Epinephrine, a physically and also emotionally arousing hormone by shrinking the hippocampus, an extensive stress is most most likely to inhibit the procedure of: a. Source misattribution. B. Proactive interference. C. Irreversible memory storage. D. Repression. C. Long-term memory storage. The capability to discover something without any kind of conscious memory of having learned it suggests the need to differentiate between: a. Proactive and retroactive interference. B. Brief term and long term memory. C. Recognition and recall. D. Explicit and implicit memory. D. Explicit and implicit memory. A retention of skills and dispositions without conscious recollection is well-known as ________ memory. A. State-dependent b. Flashbulb c. Temporary d. Sensory e. Implicitly e. Implicitly Remembering just how to resolve a jigsaw puzzle without any conscious recollection the one have the right to do so ideal illustrates ________ memory. A. Temporary b. Clear c. Flashbulb d. Latent e. Sensory d. Implicit storage of facts is come ________ together memory of an abilities is come ________. A. Brainstem; hippocampus b. Clear memory; implicit storage c. Automatically processing; effortful processing d. Brief term memory; lengthy term storage b. Clear memory; implicit memory The hippocampus theatre a an essential role in ________ memory. A. Above b. Explicitc. Echoic d. Implicit b. Explicit damages to the ________ is most most likely to interfere with explicit memory of recently learned linguistic information. Damage to the ________ is most most likely to interfere with explicit storage of newly learned intuitive designs. A. Best hippocampus; left hippocampus b. Left hippocampus; right hippocampus c. Left hippocampus; appropriate cerebellum d. Ideal cerebellum; left cerebellum e. Left cerebellum; appropriate cerebellum b. Left hippocampus; best hippocampus back Faustina have the right to learn and remember just how to deal with a complicated jigsaw puzzle, she is unable to learn and also remember the names of world to whom she has been introduced. Faustina is most most likely to have actually suffered damage to her: a. Hypothalamus. B. Brainstem. C. Hippocampus. D. Cerebellum. C. Hippocampus. Researches of the conditioned eye-blink an answer in rabbits indicate that implicit memories are stored in the: a. Hypothalamus. B. Combination areas. C. Motor cortex. D. Hippocampus. E. Cerebellum. E. Cerebellum. Cerebellum is come ________ memory as hippocampus is to ________ memory. A. Short-term; long-term b. Long-term; momentary c. Implicit; clearly d. Explicit; implicitly e. Iconic; echoic c. Implicit; clearly An expertise of the different brain circuits affiliated in implicit and explicit memory is most helpful for explaining: a. The serial place effect. B. The spacing effect. C. Repression. D. State dependence memory. E. Infantile amnesia.e. Infantile amnesia. When an eyewitness to an auto accident is request to define what happened, which check of memory is gift utilized? a. Restoration b. Recognition c. Rehearsal d. Remind e. Relearning d. Recall Which storage test would certainly most efficiently reveal the Mr. Quintano, at age 55, tho remembers numerous of his high college classmates? a. Recall b. Recognition c. Rehearsal d. Restoration b. Acknowledgment Which check of memory typically provides the fewest retrieval cues? a. Acknowledgment b. Recall c. Relearning d. Rehearsal e. Repair b. Remind Words, events, places, and also emotions that cause our storage of the past are called: a. Retrieval cues. B. Déjà vu. C. Above traces. D. Context effects. E. Schemas. A. Retrieval cues. As soon as 80 year old Ida looked at her old wedding pictures, she was flooded with vivid memories of she parents, she husband, and also the beforehand years of she marriage. The images served together powerful: a. Encoding devices. B. Top memories. C. Automatic processing devices. D. Retrieval cues. D. Retrieval cues. Memories room primed by: a. Repression. B. Retrieval cues. C. Retroactive interference.d. The serial place effect. E. Resource amnesia. B. Retrieval cues. Hearing words "rabbit" might lead people to assignment the spoken word "hair" as "h-a-r-e." This best illustrates a process known as: a. Chunking. B. Retroactive interference. C. The technique of loci. D. Repression. E. Priming. E. Priming. Watching a TV soap opera entailing marital conflict and also divorce led Andrea come recall numerous instances in which she husband had mistreated her. The impact of the TV routine on Andrea"s recall provides an instance of: a. The spacing effect. B. Repression. C. The serial position effect. D. Automatically processing. E. Priming. E. Priming. After learning that kicking would relocate a crib mobile, babies showed the they recalled this learning finest if they to be tested in the exact same crib. This ideal illustrates the result of ________ top top recall. A. The serial position effect b. Retrieval cues c. State dependent memory d. The spacing effect e. The technique of loci b. Retrieval cues Déjà vu describes the: a. Emotionally arousal created by events that prime us to recall connected events. B. Propensity to mental experiences the are continuous with one"s present mood. C. Unconscious activation of details associations in memory. D. Eerie feeling of having actually previously competent a situation. D. Eerie feeling of having actually previously experienced a situation. After she last drink spree, Karen hid a half empty liquor bottle. She couldn"t remember whereby she hid it till she started drinking again. Karen"s sample of recall ideal illustrates: a. The spacing effect. B. Proactive interference. C. The serial position effect.d. Urged forgetting. E. State dependency memory. E. State dependency memory. Mood-congruent memory describes the result of emotional states on the procedure of: a. Repression. B. Encoding. C. Storage. D. Retrieval. E. Relearning. D. Retrieval. Negative associations primed by distressing emotions most clearly illustrate: a. Repression. B. Retroactive interference. C. The misinformation effect. D. Proactive interference. E. Mood-congruent memory. E. Mood-congruent memory. The more depressed Betty feels, the much more easily she remembers numerous of the sad occasions in she life. This best illustrates: a. The self-reference effect. B. Mood-congruent memory. C. Retroactive interference. D. The spacing effect. E. Resource amnesia. B. Mood-congruent storage The effect of moods on our interpretation of brand-new information argues that our emotional states influence the procedure of: a. Repression. B. Encoding. C. Storage. D. Retrieval. E. Relearning. D. Retrieval. A human who has actually trouble forgetting information, such as the Russian storage whiz S, regularly seems to have actually a restricted capacity for: a. Latent memory. B. Clearly memory. C. Abstract thinking. D. Intuitive imagery. C. Abstract thinking. In describing what the calls the 7 sins the memory, Daniel Schacter argues that storage decay contributes to:a. Absent-mindedness. B. Repression. C. Transience. D. Implicitly memory. C. Transience. In considering the seven sins of memory, misattribution is to the sin that ________ as blocking is to the sin of ________. A. Retroactive interference; proactive interference b. Distortion; forget c. Proactive interference; retroactive interference d. Intrusion; distortion b. Distortion; forget The i can not qualify to recall the numbers on a telephone dial that space not accompanied by letter is most likely due to: a. Encoding failure. B. Retrieval failure. C. The spacing effect. D. Retroactive interference. E. Proactive interference. A. Encoding failure. The i can not qualify to remember just how Lincoln"s head shows up on a coin is most likely because of a fail in: a. Encoding. B. Storage. C. Retrieval. D. Implicitly memory. E. Iconic memory. A. Encoding. The famed Ebbinghaus "forgetting curve" shows that exactly how well we remember information depends on: a. Just how long back we learned the information. B. The nature of our mood during encoding and also retrieval. C. Even if it is the information is part of our implicit or explicit memory. D. Even if it is the info was acoustically or visually encoded. A. Exactly how long back we learned that information. Ebbinghaus discovered that the price at which us forget novel details is at first ________ and also subsequently ________. A. Slow; stays slow b. Slow; speeds up c. Rapid; stays fast d. Rapid; slows down d. Rapid; slows under Judy is embarrassed because she unexpectedly cannot mental an acquaintance"s name. Judy"s bad memory most most likely results from a failurein: a. Storage. B. Encoding. C. Rehearsal. D. Retrieval. E. Automatic processing. D. Retrieval. The title of a tune is top top the reminder of Gerard"s tongue, yet he can not recall it until someone mentions the songwriter"s name. Gerard"s initial i can not qualify to recall the location was most likely led to by: a. A physical degeneration of stored memory. B. Encoding failure. C. State dependency memory. D. Retrieval failure. E. Repression. D. Retrieval failure. The truth that elderly human being are regularly less able than younger adults to recall previously learned information deserve to be ideal explained in regards to the greater an obstacle older civilization have with: a. Automatic processing. B. Above memory. C. State dependency memory. D. Retrieval. E. Implicit memory. D. Retrieval. The disruptive effect of prior discovering on the recall of brand-new information is called: a. State dependency memory. B. Retroactive interference. C. The serial position effect. D. The spacing effect. E. Proactive interference. E. Proactive interference. Arnold so conveniently remembers his old girlfriend"s call number that he find it challenging to recall his new girlfriend"s number. Arnold"s difficulty best illustrates: a. Retroactive interference. B. The next-in-line effect. C. Resource amnesia. D. Proactive interference. E. Repression. D. Proactive interference. After finding out the combination for his new locker in ~ school, Milton is can not to mental the mix for his year old bicycle lock. Milton isexperiencing the impacts of: a. Encoding failure. B. Source amnesia. C. Retroactive interference. D. Proactive interference. E. Automatic processing. C. Retroactive interference. Retroactive interference involves the disruption of: a. Encoding. B. Storage. C. Retrieval. D. All the above. C. Retrieval. The recognize that civilization who sleep after discovering a perform of rash syllables forget much less than people who remain awake provides evidence that forgetting might involve: a. Encoding failure. B. Repression. C. Implicit memory loss. D. The hippocampus. E. Interference. E. Interference. Compulsive gamblers typically recall losing much less money 보다 is in reality the case. Their memory failure best illustrates: a. Resource amnesia. B. Proactive interference. C. The serial place effect. D. Encouraged forgetting. E. The next-in-line effect. D. Motivated forgetting. Michael Ross and his colleagues it was observed that human being exposed to very convincing arguments around the desirability of frequent toothbrushing often tended to: a. Conveniently forget the disagreements if they to be in the habit of brushing frequently. B. Conveniently forget the disagreements if they were not in the habit of to brush frequently. C. Exaggeration how frequently they had brushed their teeth in the past. D. Exaggerate just how infrequently they had actually brushed their teeth in the past. C. Exaggeration how typically they had brushed their teeth in the past. A form of motivated forgetting in i m sorry painful memories are blocked from aware awareness is: a. Retroactive interference. B. Proactive interference.c. The spacing effect. D. Repression. E. Priming. D. Repression. Sigmund Freud emphasized that the forget of painful experience is resulted in by a process that involves: a. Source amnesia. B. Retroactive interference. C. Storage decay. D. Retrieval failure. E. Permanent potentiation. D. Retrieval failure. Study on memory building and construction indicates the memories of previous experiences are likely to be: a. An overwhelming to retrieve but never completely lost. B. Distorted through our current assumptions. C. Much much more vivid if lock are rarely rehearsed. D. Re-cover in the an extremely same form and information as lock were originally encoded. B. Distorted by our current assumptions. Ours schemas regularly influence the kind in which details is recall from irreversible memory. This reality is many relevant to appreciating the importance of: a. Long-term potentiation. B. Automatically processing. C. Memory construction. D. The spacing effect. E. Intuitive coding. C. Memory construction. Numerous of the speculative subjects who were inquiry how rapid two cars in a filmed traffic accident were going when they smashed into each various other subsequently recalled seeing damaged glass at the scene of the accident. This experiment ideal illustrated: a. Proactive interference. B. The self-reference effect. C. The spacing effect. D. The misinformation effect. E. State-dependent memory. D. The misinformation effect. Loftus and also Palmer inquiry two teams of observers how rapid two cars had actually been walking in a filmed web traffic accident. Observers who heard the vividly descriptive word "smashed" in relationship to the accident later recalled: a. Broken glass in ~ the step of the accident. B. That the vehicle drivers of the vehicles were intoxicated.c. That the vehicle drivers of the vehicles were males. D. The details of the accident with vivid accuracy. A. Broken glass at the step of the accident. After analysis a newspaper report saying that drunken driving can have contributed to a recent auto accident, several civilization who actually saw the accident began to remember the driver involved as travel at a better speed than was in reality the case. This provides an example of: a. Proactive interference. B. The serial position effect. C. State dependence memory. D. The self-reference effect. E. The misinformation effect. E. The misinformation effect. The misinformation effect ideal illustrates the dynamics of: a. Automatic processing. B. Memory construction. C. Repression. D. Proactive interference. E. Mood-congruent memory. B. Storage construction. Study on the misinformation effect indicates that: a. Events from the far-off past are particularly vulnerable to memory distortion. B. People can conveniently distinguish in between their own true and false memories. C. Hypnotic ide is one effective an approach for accurate memory retrieval. D. The is very complicated to lead people to construct memories of occasions that never happened. A. Events from the far-off past are particularly vulnerable to memory distortion. The psychologist Jean Piaget created a vivid, comprehensive memory of gift kidnapped after ~ hearing his nursemaid"s false reports of such an event. His experience best illustrates: a. Implicitly memory. B. Proactive interference. C. Source amnesia. D. Mood-congruent memory. E. The self-reference effect. C. Source amnesia. ~ attending team therapy sessions because that adult survivors the childhood sexual abuse, Karen mistakenly remembered details from others" traumatic life stories as part of her own life history. This ideal illustrates the dangersof: a. Proactive interference. B. Mood-congruent memory. C. The self-reference effect. D. Latent memory. E. Resource amnesia. E. Resource amnesia. Together a child, Mike experienced a lively dream in which he was chased and attacked by a ferocious dog. Plenty of years later, he erroneously recalled the this had actually actually occurred to him. Mike"s false recollection ideal illustrates: a. The self-reference effect. B. Mood-congruent memory. C. Proactive interference. D. Latent memory. E. Source amnesia. E. Source amnesia. We frequently cannot reliably distinguish between true and also false memory because: a. False memories activate the identical mind regions together true ones. B. False memories save on computer the very same level of information as true ones. C. False memory are often just as resilient as true ones. D. All the above are true. C. False storage are often just as long lasting as true ones. Pets scans expose that the ________ is equally active whether an individual falsely or appropriately remembers that particular words were read to that or her. A. Cerebral cortex b. Left temporal lobe c. Cerebellum d. Hippocampus c. Cerebellum Tristram and Dee had actually a joyful wedding ceremony. After their painful divorce, however, they began to remember the wedding together a somewhat hectic, unpleasant, and also frightening event. Their recollections best illustrate the nature of: a. Proactive interference. B. Memory construction. C. The spacing effect. D. The serial place effect. E. Repression. B. Memory construction. When asked to recall their attitudes of 10 year ago regarding marijuana use, people offer recollections closer to their present view 보다 they actually reported a te earlier. This ideal illustrates: a. Storage construction.b. Proactive interference. C. The self-reference effect. D. Mood-congruent memory. E. Repression. A. Memory construction. Police interrogators have been trained to ask less suggestive and much more open-ended questions in order come avoid: a. Permanent potentiation. B. The misinformation effect. C. Mood-congruent memory. D. Proactive interference. E. The next-in-line effect. B. The misinformation effect. I m sorry of the complying with poses the biggest threat to the credibility that children"s recollections of sexual abuse? a. The serial position result b. The spacing effect c. The misinformation effect d. Irreversible potentiation e. The next-in-line result c. The misinformation result When children are officially interviewed about their recollections of feasible sexual abuse, their reports are specifically credible if: a. They are asked specific, detailed questions around the worry rather than an ext general, open-ended questions. B. ~ responding to an interviewer, lock are consistently asked the same concern they just answered. C. They use anatomically correct dolls to suggest if and where they had actually been physically touched. D. Associated adults have not debated the concern with them prior to the interview. D. Associated adults have not debated the worry with them prior to the interview. Research on young children"s false eyewitness recollections has indicated that: a. Kids are much less susceptible to resource amnesia than adults. B. Kids are no more susceptible come the misinformation effect than adults. C. It is surprisingly difficult for both children and also professional interviewers to reliably separate the children"s true memories native false memories. D. Every one of the above are true. C. It is surprisingly difficult for both children and professional interviewers to reliably separate the children"s true memories native false memories. Incest survivors who lack conscious memories that their sex-related abuse are sometimes told the they are merely in a phase of "denial." This explanationfor their absence of abuse memory emphasizes: a. Proactive interference. B. Encoding failure. C. The misinformation effect. D. Source amnesia. E. Retrieval failure. E. Retrieval failure. Adults v symptoms that distress commonly experienced by incest survivors have often been advised and also encouraged to recuperate memories of sex-related abuse the they can have knowledgeable in childhood. A significant shortcoming of this advice is that: a. Most extremely stressful life experience are never ever encoded into longterm memory. B. It is very challenging to retrieve save memories that have actually not to be recalled because that a long period of time. C. By the moment one experiences the symptom of distress that result from abuse, there is very little one deserve to do to uncover relief. D. World experience this symptoms that distress because that a selection of reasons others than sexual abuse. D. Human being experience these symptoms that distress for a variety of reasons others than sexual abuse. Which of the following techniques supplied by professional therapists are extremely likely to encourage the construction of false memories? a. Hypnosis b. Dream evaluation c. Imagination-enhancing practice d. All of the above d. Every one of the above With respect come the controversy concerning reports of repressed memory of sex-related abuse, declaration by significant psychological and also psychiatric associations indicate that: a. The accumulated experiences of our stays are all maintained somewhere in our minds. B. The much more stressful an experience is, the much more quickly it will be consciously forgotten. C. Repression is the most usual mechanism basic the failure to recall beforehand childhood abuse. D. Experienced therapists deserve to reliably distinguish in between their clients" true and false childhood memories. E. Adult memory of experiences happening before age 3 room unreliable. E. Adult memory of experiences happening before age 3 are unreliable. As soon as memory researcher Elizabeth Loftus to be an adolescent, she uncle erroneously insisted that as a boy she had uncovered her very own mother"s drowned body. Loftus herself later on falsely recollected finding the body. This bestillustrates: a. Proactive interference. B. Implicit memory. C. The self-reference effect. D. The misinformation effect. E. Mood-congruent memory. D. The misinformation effect. Memory experts who express skepticism concerning reports of repressed and recovered memories space most most likely to emphasize that: a. World rarely recall storage of long-forgotten events. B. Most very traumatic life experience are never encoded into longterm memory. C. Only those memory that are recovered with the assist of a professional psychotherapist are likely to it is in reliable. D. Extremely stressful life experience are particularly likely to be fine remembered. D. Incredibly stressful life experiences are specifically likely come be well remembered. Rate reading complex material yields tiny long-term retention because it inhibits: a. The serial place effect. B. Retroactive interference. C. The next-in-line effect. D. Proactive interference. E. Rehearsal.
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